Guest Authors

Antoine Abi Ghanem

Antoine Abi Ghanem

Father Antoine Abi Ghanem is the Attaché for Disarmament and Security Affairs at the Holy See Mission (Geneva).

Floyd Abrams

Floyd Abrams

Floyd Abrams is is Senior Counsel in the firm of Cahill Gordon & Reindel LLP, and represented The New York Times in the Pentagon Papers case.

Jefferson Adams

Jefferson Adams

Jefferson Adams is a Professor of History at Sarah Lawrence College and Senior Editor of the International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence; his publications include Historical Dictionary of German Intelligence and, most recently, Strategic Intelligence in the Cold War and Beyond.

Michael J. Adams

Michael J. Adams

Michael J. Adams is a Partner at McGuireWoods, a Commander (ret.) in the U.S. Navy, a former Deputy Legal Counsel to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and former Special Adviser to the Judge Advocate General for International and Operational Law.

Shaharzad Akbar

Shaharzad Akbar

Shaharzad Akbar (@ShaharzadAkbar) is currently an Academy Fellow on Human Rights at Chatham House and the former Chair of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission. She was previously Deputy on the Afghan National Security Council for Peace and Civilian Protection and served as Country Director for Open Society Afghanistan from 2014 to 2017.

Waleed Alhariri

Waleed Alhariri

Waleed Alhariri (@WaleedAlhariri) is Head of the New York Office for Sana’a Center for Strategic Studies (SCSS) and a Fellow-in-Residence at Columbia Law School Human Rights Institute.

Farea Al-Muslimi

Farea Al-Muslimi

Farea Al-Muslimi ( @almuslimi) is a Yemeni Researcher and Co-Founder of the Sana’a Center for Strategic Studies.

Radhya Almutawakel

Radhya Almutawakel

Radhya Almutawakel (@RAlmutawakel) is the Chairperson of Mwatana Organization for Human Rights.

Diane Marie Amann

Diane Marie Amann

Diane Marie Amann (@DianeMarieAmann) is the the Emily & Ernest Woodruff Chair in International Law and Faculty Co-Director of the Dean Rusk International Law Center at the University of Georgia School of Law and Visiting Professor of Law at Northwestern Pritzker School of Law, and has served since 2012 as the Special Adviser to the International Criminal Court Prosecutor on Children in and affected by Armed Conflict.

Baher Azmy

Baher Azmy

Baher Azmy (@azmy_b) is the Legal Director of the Center of Constitutional Rights.

Nasir A. Andisha

Nasir A. Andisha

Dr. Nasir Andisha (@AndishaNasir) is a career diplomat and academic. He was Deputy Foreign Minister of Afghanistan 2015-2019, Permanent Representative of Afghanistan to the UN in Geneva and served as the Vice President of the Human Rights Council (2020).

Pablo Arrocha Olabuenaga

Pablo Arrocha Olabuenaga

Pablo Arrocha Olabuenaga is Legal and Sanctions Coordinator of Mexico to the United Nations.

Ahilan Arulanantham

Ahilan Arulanantham

Ahilan Arulanantham (@ahilan_toolong) is Professor from Practice and Co-Director of the Center for Immigration Law and Policy at UCLA School of Law.

Matthew Atkins

Matthew Atkins

Matthew Atkins is a Lieutenant Colonel in the U.S. Air Force and a National Security Affairs Fellow (2013-14) at the Hoover Institution.

Admiral (ret.) Ami Ayalon

Admiral (ret.) Ami Ayalon

Admiral (ret.) Ami Ayalon is a former Director of the Israel Security Agency (the Shin Bet), a former Commander of Israel's Navy and a former Flotilla 13 (Israel's Navy SEALs) commando. He is a co-founder of the Israeli NGO Blue White Future.

Barbara Bodine

Barbara Bodine

Amb. (ret.) Barbara K. Bodine is a Distinguished Professor and Director of the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy at Georgetown University and served as the U.S. Ambassador to Yemen from 1997 to 2001.

Bob Bauer

Bob Bauer

Bob Bauer is a Professor of Practice and a Distinguished Scholar in Residence at New York University School of Law. He served as White House Counsel to President Obama and was a senior adviser to the Biden campaign.

Kristine Beckerle

Kristine Beckerle

Kristine Beckerle (@K_Beckerle) is the Cover-Lowenstein Fellow at the Orville H. Schell, Jr. Center for International Human Rights, a Clinical Lecturer in Law, and an Associate Research Scholar at Yale Law School.

Emily Berman

Emily Berman

Emily Berman is an Associate Professor of Law at the University of Houston Law Center.

Charles A. Blanchard

Charles A. Blanchard

Charles Blanchard (@FmrAirForceGC) is a Partner at Arnold & Porter, former General Counsel of the Air Force (2009-2013), and former General Counsel of the Army (1999-2001).

Laurie Blank

Laurie Blank

Laurie R. Blank is a Clinical Professor of Law and Director of the International Humanitarian Law Clinic at Emory Law School.

Sidney Blumenthal

Sidney Blumenthal

Sidney Blumenthal, the former assistant and senior adviser to President Bill Clinton and senior adviser to Hillary Clinton, is the author of All the Powers of Earth (Simon & Schuster 2019), the third volume of his five volume biography, The Political Life of Abraham Lincoln.

Philip Bobbitt

Philip Bobbitt

Philip Bobbitt is the Herbert Wechsler Professor of Federal Jurisprudence and Director of the Center for National Security at Columbia Law School, and is a Distinguished Senior Lecturer at the University of Texas.

Noah Bookbinder

Noah Bookbinder

Noah Bookbinder (@NoahBookbinder) became President of Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW) in March 2015. Prior to joining CREW, he served from 2013 to 2015 as Director of the Office of Legislative and Public Affairs at the United States Sentencing Commission. Before that, Bookbinder served as Chief Counsel for Criminal Justice for the United States Senate Judiciary Committee, where he worked from 2005 to 2013.

Liam Brennan

Liam Brennan

Liam Brennan (@LBNewHaven) is the Inspector General in Hartford, Connecticut. A former federal prosecutor and legal aid attorney, he has served as the head of the Public Corruption Task Force in Connecticut, the executive director of the Connecticut Veterans Legal Center and a staff attorney for New Haven Legal Assistance.

Jo Brick

Jo Brick

Squadron Leader Brick is Acting Staff Officer Legal, Headquarters Air Command, Royal Australian Air Force; she joined the Royal Australian Air Force in 1997.

Ted R. Bromund

Ted R. Bromund

Senior Research Fellow in Anglo-American Relations in the Margaret Thatcher Center for Freedom at The Heritage Foundation.

Gordon Brown

Gordon Brown

Gordon Brown is the United Nations Special Envoy for Global Education and Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Todd Buchwald

Todd Buchwald

Todd F. Buchwald served as U.S. Ambassador and Special Coordinator for Global Criminal Justice from 2015-2017. He is a member of the U.N. Committee Against Torture, and is also a Professorial Lecturer in Law at George Washington University Law School,

Senator Ben Cardin

Senator Ben Cardin

U.S. Senator Ben Cardin (D-MD) (@SenatorCardin) is Chairman of the U.S. Helsinki Commission and of the Senate Small Business & Entrepreneurship Committee, and a senior member of the Senate Foreign Relations, Finance, and Environment & Public Works committees.

Thomas Carothers

Thomas Carothers

Thomas Carothers is senior vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, overseeing all of the research programs at Carnegie and directing the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program (@CarnegieDCG).

Justice Manuel José Cepeda Espinosa

Justice Manuel José Cepeda Espinosa

Justice Manuel José Cepeda Espinosa is a member of the High Level Panel of Legal Experts on Media Freedom and a former Chief Justice of the Constitutional Court of Colombia. He also served as the Presidential Advisor for the Constituent Assembly of Colombia, preparing the articles that addressed freedom of expression and access to information in Colombia’s Draft Constitution.

Sarah Cleveland

Sarah Cleveland

Sarah Cleveland (@Shcleve) is the Louis Henkin Professor of Human and Constitutional Rights, Co-Director of the Human Rights Institute at Columbia Law School, and Former Counselor on International Law to the Legal Adviser at the U.S. Department of State (2009-2011).

Amal Clooney

Amal Clooney

Amal Clooney is a barrister at Doughty Street Chambers specializing in international law and human rights. She represents victims of human rights violations in national and international courts including the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Court and the European Court of Human Rights.

George T. Conway III

George T. Conway III

George T. Conway III (@gtconway3d) is Of Counsel in the Litigation Department of Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz in New York.

Sophia Cope

Sophia Cope

Sophia Cope (@scopesetic) is the Director of Government Affairs and Legislative Counsel at the Newspaper Association of America.

Colonel (Retired) Gary Corn

Colonel (Retired) Gary Corn

Gary Corn is the Director of the Technology, Law & Security Program and Adjunct Professor of Cyber and National Security Law at American University Washington College of Law, a retired U.S. Army Colonel, and served as the Staff Judge Advocate to US Cyber Command and as a Deputy Legal Counsel to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Geoffrey S. Corn

Geoffrey S. Corn

Geoffrey S. Corn (@cornjag1) is a retired U.S. Army JAG Officer, the Vinson & Elkins Professor of Law at South Texas College of Law Houston, and a Distinguished Fellow for the Jewish Institute of National Security for America’s Gemunder Center for Defense and Strategy.

Thomas Countryman

Thomas Countryman

Thomas Countryman (@TMCountryman) served as a Foreign Service Officer for 35 years, most recently Acting Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security.

Adam Cox

Adam Cox

Adam Cox (@adambcox) is the Robert A. Kindler Professor of Law at NYU School of Law and co-author, with Cristina Rodríguez, of The President and Immigration Law, from Oxford University Press.

George Croner

George Croner

George W. Croner (@GeorgeCroner) is former principal litigation counsel at the National Security Agency. He is a Senior Fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute, and a member of the Advisory Council at the Center for Ethics and the Rule of Law (CERL) at the University of Pennsylvania Law School.

Erik Dahl

Erik Dahl

Erik Dahl (@ ErikJDahl1 ) is associate professor of national security affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, and the author of Intelligence and Surprise Attack: Failure and Success from Pearl Harbor to 9/11 and Beyond (Georgetown University Press, 2013). His latest book is The COVID-19 Intelligence Failure: Why Warning Was Not Enough (forthcoming with Georgetown University Press). He is also a former chair of the Intelligence Studies Section of the International Studies Association, and prior to his academic career he served 21 years as an intelligence officer in the U.S. Navy.

Brian I. Daniels

Brian I. Daniels

Dr. Brian I. Daniels (@DrBrianIDaniels) is the director of research and programs for the Penn Cultural Heritage Center at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. He also advises the Smithsonian Cultural Rescue Initiative and serves as vice president for cultural heritage of the Archaeological Institute of America, vice president of the U.S. Committee of the Blue Shield, and the secretary of the ICOM Disaster Resilient Museums International Committee.

Aude Darnal

Aude Darnal

Aude Darnal (@audedarnal) is an associate director at the Atlantic Council’s New American Engagement Initiative in the Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security, focusing on the critical analysis and understanding of armed conflicts and of the humanitarian-development-peace nexus, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa.

John Dean

John Dean

John Dean (@JohnWDean) was White House Counsel under Richard Nixon.

Ambassador H.E. Juan Ramón de la Fuente

Ambassador H.E. Juan Ramón de la Fuente

Amb. H.E. Juan Ramón de la Fuente is the Permanent Representative of Mexico to the United Nations.

Alan M. Dershowitz

Alan M. Dershowitz

Alan M. Dershowitz (@AlanDersh) is the Felix Frankfurter Professor of Law, Emeritus at Harvard Law School.

Laura Dickinson

Laura Dickinson

Laura A. Dickinson is a former Special Counsel to the General Counsel of the Department of Defense (2016-17) and the Oswald Symister Colclough Research Professor of Law at The George Washington University Law School.

Dov Jacobs

Dov Jacobs

Dov Jacobs (@dovjacobs) is an Assistant Professor in International Law at the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies at Leiden University.

Bonnie Docherty

Bonnie Docherty

Bonnie Docherty is a senior arms researcher at Human Rights Watch and associate director of armed conflict and civilian protection at Harvard Law School’s International Human Rights Clinic.

Stephanie Douglas

Stephanie Douglas

Stephanie Douglas is the Senior Managing Director at Guidepost Solutions and formerly served in the FBI for almost 24 years before retiring in 2013 as Executive Assistant Director for the National Security Branch.

Charles J. Dunlap, Jr.

Charles J. Dunlap, Jr.

Executive Director of the Center on Law, Ethics and National Security and Professor of the Practice of Law at Duke Law School. He retired from the Air Force in 2010 as a Major General.

Anthony Dworkin

Anthony Dworkin

Anthony Dworkin (@AnthonyDworkin) is a Senior Policy Fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations and author of the ECFR Report "Europe's New Counter-Terror Wars."

Jen Easterly

Jen Easterly

Jen Easterly (@JenEasterly) is a Managing Director of Morgan Stanley and Global Head of the Firm’s Cybersecurity Fusion Center, responsible for assessing, detecting, and responding to threats, vulnerabilities, and incidents that threats the Firm and its clients. She previously served as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Counterterrorism at the White House from 2013-2016.

Chile Eboe-Osuji

Chile Eboe-Osuji

Chile Eboe-Osuji (@EboeOsuji) is Former President, International Criminal Court; Herman Phleger Visiting Professor, Stanford Law School; Distinguished International Jurist and Special Advisor to the University President, Lincoln Alexander School of Law, Toronto Metropolitan University, Toronto; Paul Martin Senior Professor, University of Windsor.

Patrick G. Eddington

Patrick G. Eddington

Patrick G. Eddington (@PGEddington) is a Policy Analyst in Homeland Security and Civil Liberties at the Cato Institute and a former Senior Policy Advisor to Rep. Rush Holt (D-N.J.).

Maj. Gen. (ret.) Dan Efrony

Maj. Gen. (ret.) Dan Efrony

Maj. Gen. (ret.) Dan Efrony (@DanEfrony) is an associate researcher in the Cyber Law Program of the Federmann Cyber Security Center at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the former Military Advocate General (MAG) of the Israel Defense Forces.

W. Neil Eggleston

W. Neil Eggleston

W. Neil Eggleston served as White House Counsel for President Barack Obama, 2014-2017; he is a Lecturer of Law at Harvard Law School.

Norman L. Eisen

Norman L. Eisen

Ambassador (ret.) Norman Eisen (@NormEisen) is a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution. He served as special counsel to the House Judiciary Committee majority during the impeachment proceedings and trial of President Donald J. Trump.

Richard A. Epstein

Richard A. Epstein

Richard A. Epstein (@RichardAEpstein) is the Laurence A. Tisch Professor of Law at New York University School of Law, Peter and Kirsten Bedford Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, James Parker Hall Distinguished Service Professor of Law Emeritus and Senior Lecturer at the University of Chicago.

Marshall Erwin

Marshall Erwin

Marshall Erwin is the Head of Trust at Mozilla, a Non-Residential Fellow at the Center for Internet and Society at Stanford Law School, a former Intelligence Specialist at the Congressional Research Service, and a former Counterterrorism Analyst.

Gerald Feierstein

Gerald Feierstein

Amb. (ret.) Gerald Feierstein is Senior Fellow and Director of Gulf Affairs and Government Relations at the Middle East Institute and served as U.S. Ambassador from 2010 to 2013.

Senator Dianne Feinstein

Senator Dianne Feinstein

U.S. Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) (@SenFeinstein) is California’s senior U.S. senator and the ranking member of the Senate Judiciary Committee.

Eugene R. Fidell

Eugene R. Fidell

Eugene R. Fidell (@globalmjreform) is Adjunct Professor of Law, NYU School of Law; Senior Research Scholar in Law, Yale Law School; of counsel, Feldesman Tucker Leifer Fidell LLP. He is the author of Military Justice: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2016), co-author of Military Justice: Cases and Materials (Carolina Academic Press 3d ed. 2020), and edits the Global Military Justice Reform blog.

Michèle Flournoy

Michèle Flournoy

Michele Flournoy (@micheleflournoy) is former US Undersecretary of Defense for Policy and an advisor to Rhombus.

Christopher Fonzone

Christopher Fonzone

Christopher Fonzone is a former Deputy Assistant to the President, former Deputy Counsel to the President, former National Security Council Legal Adviser, formerly worked at the Department of Justice in the Office of Legal Counsel and on the Civil Division’s Appellate Staff, and formerly served as Special Counsel to the General Counsel of the Department of Defense.

Craig Forcese

Craig Forcese

Craig Forcese (@cforcese) is a Full Professor at the Faculty of Law (Common Law Section) at the University of Ottawa.

Lt. Col. Chris Ford

Lt. Col. Chris Ford

Lt. Col. Chris Ford is a Military Professor at the US Naval War College's Stockton Center for International Law.

Ambassador Robert Ford

Ambassador Robert Ford

Amb. (ret.) Robert Ford (@fordrs58) was U.S. Ambassador to Syria from 2011 to 2014, Deputy Ambassador at the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad from 2008 to 2010 and the U.S. Ambassador in Algeria 2006 – 2008. Today, he is a scholar at the Middle East Institute and a fellow Yale University’s Jackson Institute for Global Affairs where he teaches about U.S. foreign policy.

Hamid A. Formuli

Hamid A. Formuli

Hamid A. Formuli (@formulian) is currently a senior fellow on human rights at the Center for Dialogue and Progress - Geneva. He is a former career diplomat with years of experience in multilateral diplomacy. He headed the Human Rights section of the Permanent Mission of Afghanistan to UN in Geneva and worked as Special Aide to the Deputy Foreign Minister for Economic Cooperation of Afghanistan.

Ambassador Daniel Fried

Ambassador Daniel Fried

Ambassador Daniel Fried (@AmbDanFried) is Weiser Family Distinguished Fellow at the Atlantic Council. He previously served as Special Assistant and NSC Senior Director for Presidents Clinton and Bush, Ambassador to Poland, and Assistant Secretary of State for Europe (2005-09), and State Department Coordinator for Sanctions Policy.

Barry Friedman

Barry Friedman

Barry Friedman (@barryfriedman1) is the Jacob D. Fuchsberg Professor of Law and Faculty Director of the Policing Project at New York University School of Law.

Ambassador Vesko Garčević

Ambassador Vesko Garčević

Amb. (ret.) Vesko Garčević (@VeskoGarcevic) is a Professor of the Practice of Diplomacy and International Relations in the Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies, Boston University.

Lech Garlicki

Lech Garlicki

Lech Garlicki is a former New York University School of Law Global Professor of Law from Practice (2013) and former Judge of the European Court of Human Rights (2002-2012).

Beth George

Beth George

Beth George is former acting General Counsel at the Department of Defense, and currently a partner in the San Francisco office of Wilson, Sonsini, Goodrich, & Rosati (WSGR). She is a non-resident senior fellow at the Reiss Center on Law and Security at NYU School of Law.

Michael German

Michael German

Mike German (@RethinkIntel) is a Fellow with the Brennan Center for Justice’s Liberty and National Security Program, former Policy Counsel for National Security and Privacy for the American Civil Liberties Union, and former Special Agent with the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Stuart M. Gerson

Stuart M. Gerson

Stuart M. Gerson is a former Acting Attorney General of the United States, Assistant Attorney General, and Assistant United States Attorney.

Ahmed Ghappour

Ahmed Ghappour

Ahmed Ghappour (@ghappour) is a Visiting Professor at UC Hastings College of the Law and Director of the Liberty, Security and Technology Clinic.

Vanessa L. Gibson

Vanessa L. Gibson

Council Member Vanessa L. Gibson (@Vanessalgibson) is Council Member for the 16th District of the New York City Council.

Michael J. Glennon

Michael J. Glennon

Michael J. Glennon is a Professor of International Law at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, former Legal Counsel to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (1977-1980), and former Consultant to Various Congressional Committees, the U.S. State Department, and the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Elizabeth Goitein

Elizabeth Goitein

Elizabeth (Liza) Goitein (@LizaGoitein) is Co-Director of the Liberty & National Security Program at the Brennan Center for Justice and former Counsel to Sen. Russ Feingold Former Trial Attorney in the Federal Programs Branch of the Civil Division of the Department of Justice.

Lt. Col. Jim Golby

Lt. Col. Jim Golby

Lt. Col. Jim Golby (@jimgolby) is Defense Policy Advisor in the United States Mission to NATO, former Special Advisor to the Vice President of the United States, former Special Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and former Assistant Professor in the Department of Social Sciences at West Point.

Zachary Goldman

Zachary Goldman

Zachary Goldman was Executive Director of the Center on Law and Security at NYU School of Law from 2015-2017.

Jack Goldsmith

Jack Goldsmith

Jack Goldsmith (@jacklgoldsmith) is the Henry L. Shattuck Professor at Harvard Law School, a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, former Assistant Attorney General of the Office of Legal Counsel (2003-2004), and former Special Counsel to the Department of Defense (2002-2003).

David Golove

David Golove

David M. Golove is Hiller Family Foundation Professor of Law at the New York University School of Law.

Neve Gordon

Neve Gordon

Neve Gordon (@nevegordon) is a Professor of human rights and international humanitarian law at Queen Mary University of London. 

Senator Bob Graham

Senator Bob Graham

Bob Graham was United States Senator from Florida from 1987 to 2005 and chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence from 2001 to 2003.

Ambassador Thomas Graham Jr.

Ambassador Thomas Graham Jr.

Amb. (ret.) Thomas Graham, Jr. (@tgrahamjr) is Executive Chairman of Lightbridge Corporation USA, and former General Counsel and Acting Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.

Trey Grayson

Trey Grayson

Trey Grayson (@KYTrey) is a member of Frost Brown Todd and managing director of the firm’s government relations subsidiary, CivicPoint. He served two terms as Kentucky’s Secretary of State, during which time, he was chosen by his colleagues to be President of the National Association of Secretaries of State and Chair of the Republican Association of Secretaries of State.

Benjamin Haas

Benjamin Haas

Benjamin Haas (@BenjaminEHaas) is an Advocacy Counsel at Human Rights First, former Army Intelligence Officer, and a graduate of West Point and Stanford Law School.

Jonathan Hafetz

Jonathan Hafetz

Jonathan Hafetz (@JonathanHafetz) is a Professor of Law at Seton Hall University School of Law.

Monica Hakimi

Monica Hakimi

Monica Hakimi (@MonicaHakimi) is Professor of Law at the University of Michigan Law School and Former Associate Dean for Academic Programming of Michigan Law School.

Ambassador (ret.) Keith Harper

Ambassador (ret.) Keith Harper

Ambassador (ret.) Keith M. Harper (@AmbHarper) is a Partner and Co-Chair of the Human Rights & Global Strategies Practice at Jenner & Block, a Senior Fellow at the Brown University Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, and former United States Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the U.N. Human Rights Council (2014-2017). In April 2022 he was appointed an Independent Expert on the U.N. Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues for a three-year term commencing in January 1, 2023.

Senator Maggie Hassan

Senator Maggie Hassan

U.S. Senator Maggie Hassan (@SenatorHassan) (D-NH) is United States Senator for New Hampshire and serves on the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee.

Ian Scott Henderson

Ian Scott Henderson

Ian Scott Henderson is Group Captain in the Royal Australian Air Force, Director of the Military Law Centre at the Australian Defence Force, and Deputy-Director of the Asia-Pacific Centre for Military Law at the Australian Defence Force.

Charles P. Henry

Charles P. Henry

Charles P. Henry is professor emeritus of African American Studies at the University of California at Berkeley. He was appointed by President Clinton to the National Council on the Humanities in 1994, and served as an office director in the State Department’s Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor from 1993 to 1994.

Christof Heyns

Christof Heyns

Christof Heyns is a Professor of Human Rights Law and Director of the Institute for International and Comparative Law in Africa at the University of Pretoria and a member of the UN Human Rights Committee.

Brett Holmgren

Brett Holmgren

Brett Holmgren is a former Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Intelligence Programs on the National Security Council and previously served as Special Assistant to the Deputy Secretary of Defense and a CIA counterterrorism analyst.

Hon. Elizabeth Holtzman

Hon. Elizabeth Holtzman

Elizabeth Holtzman is a practicing attorney with Herrick Feinstein LLP in NY. She was a four term Congresswoman who served on the House Judiciary Committee during Watergate and voted to impeach Richard Nixon.

Elie Honig

Elie Honig

Elie Honig (@eliehonig) is a CNN Legal Analyst, former federal and state prosecutor, including Assistant United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, and current Rutgers University scholar.

Jonathan Horowitz

Jonathan Horowitz

Jonathan Horowitz (@J_T_Horowitz) is a Legal Adviser at the ICRC Regional Delegation for the United States and Canada (as of Oct 2019).

Rahma Hussein

Rahma Hussein

Rahma Hussein (@rhussein_) is a Legal Fellow at Columbia Law School’s Project on Counterterrorism, Armed Conflict and Human Rights.

Brig. Gen. R. Patrick Huston

Brig. Gen. R. Patrick Huston

Assistant Judge Advocate General, U.S. Army

John D. Hutson, Rear Admiral, JAGC, USN (Ret.)

John D. Hutson, Rear Admiral, JAGC, USN (Ret.)

Retired Rear Adm. (ret.) John D. Hutson was Judge Advocate General of the U.S. Navy. Dean Emeritus, University of New Hampshire School of Law.

James F. Jeffrey

James F. Jeffrey

Amb. (ret.) James F. Jeffrey is a former U.S Ambassador to Turkey and Iraq and currently the Philip Solondz Distinguished Fellow at The Washington Institute.

Chris Jenks

Chris Jenks

Chris Jenks (@ChrisJenks_SMU) served as Special Counsel to the General Counsel of the Department of Defense (2017-2018) where he was awarded the Secretary of Defense Medal for Exceptional Public Service. He is a Professor at the SMU Dedman School of Law. He formerly served as Chief of the U.S. Army’s International Law Branch in the Pentagon.

Eric Jensen

Eric Jensen

Eric Jensen is a Professor at Brigham Young Law School, Special Counsel to the General Counsel of the Department of Defense, former Chief of the Army’s International Law Branch, and former Legal Advisor to US Military Forces in Iraq and Bosnia.

Larry D. Johnson

Larry D. Johnson

Larry Johnson served in the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs during various periods between 1971 and 2008, including as Assistant-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs, and is currently a Professorial Lecturer at the Vienna Diplomatic Academy.

Kevin Jon Heller

Kevin Jon Heller

Kevin Jon Heller (@kevinjonheller) is a Professor of Criminal Law at SOAS University of London and an Academic Member of Doughty Street Chambers.

Jeffrey Kahn

Jeffrey Kahn

Jeffrey Kahn (@Jeff_Kahn1) is a Professor of Law at Southern Methodist University Dedman School of Law. He is the author of Mrs. Shipley’s Ghost: The Right to Travel and Terrorist Watchlists (University of Michigan, 2013).

David Kaye

David Kaye

David Kaye (@davidakaye) is a law professor at UC Irvine School of Law and served as United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression from 2014-2020.

Kerry Kennedy

Kerry Kennedy

Kerry Kennedy (@KerryKennedyRFK) is President of Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights.

Orin Kerr

Orin Kerr

Orin S. Kerr (@OrinKerr) is the Fred C. Stevenson Research Professor at the George Washington University Law School.

Scarlet Kim

Scarlet Kim

Scarlet Kim (@scarletprim) is a staff attorney at the ACLU National Security Project.

Adam Klein

Adam Klein

Adam Klein is Director of the Program on Technology, Security, and Global Affairs at the Robert Strauss Center for International Security and Law at the University of Texas at Austin. He formerly served as Chairman of the U.S. Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board, an independent federal agency that oversees counterterrorism and intelligence programs.

Douglas W. Kmiec

Douglas W. Kmiec

Amb. (ret.) Douglas Kmiec is the Caruso Family Chair in Constitutional Law and Human Rights at Pepperdine School of Law, former Ambassador of the United States (ret.), and served Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush during 1985-89 as Assistant and Deputy Assistant U.S. Attorney General, Office of Legal Counsel, U.S. Department of Justice.

Ambassador (ret.) Karen Kornbluh

Ambassador (ret.) Karen Kornbluh

Amb. (ret.) Karen Kornbluh (@KarenKornbluh) is a Senior Fellow and Director of the Digital Innovation and Democracy Initiative at the German Marshall Fund of the United States and former U.S. Ambassador to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Claus Kress

Claus Kress

Claus Kreß is a Professor of Criminal Law and Public International Law, the Chair for German and International Criminal Law, and Director of the Institute of International Peace and Security Law at the University of Cologne. He formerly Served in the German Federal Ministry of Justice.

Kevin Kruse

Kevin Kruse

Kevin M. Kruse (@KevinMKruse) is a Professor of History at Princeton University. His most recent book, co-authored with Julian Zelizer, is Fault Lines: A History of the United States Since 1974 (Norton).

John Krzyzaniak

John Krzyzaniak

John Krzyzaniak (@john_krzyzaniak) is a Research Associate at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, where he focuses on nuclear and missile proliferation in the Middle East.

Philip Lacovara

Philip Lacovara

Philip Lacovara served as Deputy Solicitor General of the United States (for Criminal and National Security Matters), Counsel to the Watergate Special Prosecutor, and President of The District of Columbia Bar.

Joshua Lam

Joshua Lam

Joshua Lam (@joshlamlamlam) is a joint degree graduate student at the Jackson Institute and the School of Management at Yale University, and a Research Associate with the Mass Atrocities in the Digital Era initiative

Karin Landgren

Karin Landgren

Karin Landgren (@LandgrenKarin) is Executive Director of the Security Council Report. She previously served with the United Nations for over 35 years, and is the first woman to have headed three UN peace operations mandated by the Security Council.

David Lapan

David Lapan

David Lapan (@DaveLapanDC) is the Vice President of Communications for the Bipartisan Policy Center, previously served as press secretary and deputy secretary for media relations at the Department of Homeland Security, and is a retired colonel in the U.S. Marine Corps with more than 20 years of communication/public affairs experience at the highest levels of the U.S. Department of Defense.

Jonathan Lee

Jonathan Lee

Jonathan Lee (@JonathanLLee) is a former Deputy Chief of Staff of the Department of Homeland Security (2015-2017), former Director for Human Rights and National Security Issues on the National Security Council Staff, formerly served at the Department of Defense in the Office of General Counsel, and formerly served at the Office of the Deputy Secretary of Defense.

Paul Lekas

Paul Lekas

Paul Lekas is a former Deputy General Counsel for Legal Counsel at the U.S. Department of Defense and a former Special Counsel to the DoD General Counsel.

Larry Lewis

Larry Lewis

Larry Lewis (@LarryLewis_) is the Director of the Center for Autonomy and Artificial Intelligence at Center for Naval Analyses. Lewis spent a decade analyzing real world operations as the project lead and primary author for many of the Department of Defense's Joint Lessons Learned studies. This article represents the opinion of the author alone, and not that of Center for Naval Analyses (CNA), the Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.

Michael Lewis

Michael Lewis

Michael W. Lewis (@MikeLewis64) is the Ella A. and Ernest H. Fisher Professor of Law at Ohio Northern University School of Law and formerly served in the U.S. Navy (1987-1995).

Harry Litman

Harry Litman

Harry Litman (@harrylitman) is a former United States Attorney and Deputy Assistant Attorney General, a Constitutional Law Professor at UCLA and UCSD, a Washington Post columnist, a practicing attorney at Constantine Cannon, and the creator and host of the podcast Talking Feds.

Robert Litt

Robert Litt

Robert S. Litt is a former General Counsel for the Director of National Intelligence ad currently of counsel in Morrison and Foerster’s national security practice.

Douglas London

Douglas London

Douglas London (@douglaslondon5) is the author of "The Recruiter: Spying and the Lost Art of American Intelligence," and teaches intelligence studies at Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service. He served in the CIA's Clandestine Service for more than 34 years, mostly in the Middle East, South and Central Asia and Africa, including three assignments as a Chief of Station and as the CIA’s Counterterrorism Chief for South and Southwest Asia.

Edward Lucas

Edward Lucas

Edward Lucas (@edwardlucas) is Senior Editor at The Economist and author of The Snowden Operation: Inside the West's Greatest Intelligence Disaster.

Daniel R. Mahanty

Daniel R. Mahanty

Daniel R. Mahanty (@danmahanty) is Director of the U.S. program at the Center for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC). He previously served 16 years at the U.S. Department of State.

Joseph Margulies

Joseph Margulies

Joseph Margulies is Professor of the Practice of Law and Government at Cornell University.

Daniel Markey

Daniel Markey

Daniel Markey (@MarkeyDaniel) is a Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and author of No Exit from Pakistan: America's Tortured Relationship with Islamabad.

Kate Martin

Kate Martin

Kate Martin is a Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress.

Elisa Massimino

Elisa Massimino

Elisa Massimino (@ecmassimino) is the Robert F. Drinan, S.J., Chair in Human Rights at Georgetown University Law Center, a Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress, a former Senior Fellow with the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard’s Kennedy School, a former Practitioner-in-Residence at Georgetown’s Walsh School of Foreign Service, and the former President and CEO of Human Rights First.

Michael Matheson

Michael Matheson

Michael Matheson was an attorney in the Legal Adviser's Office of the U.S. State Department for 28 years, completing his work there as Acting Legal Adviser. During that time he led the U.S. effort to revive international prosecution of war crimes through the creation of the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia, and he served as Ambassador to the international negotiations on conventional weapons. He then taught international law for 20 years at George Washington University Law School and other institutions, including Oxford and Stanford.

Timothy Mathews

Timothy Mathews

Tim Mathews (@timmathews) is an U.S. Army JAG officer and formerly served as a US Army Infantry Officer (1999-2008).

Andrew G. McCabe

Andrew G. McCabe

Andrew G. McCabe is former Acting Director and Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, a CNN legal analyst, and author of the New York Times bestselling book, The Threat: How the FBI Protects America in the Age of Terror and Trump.

Ambassador Deborah A. McCarthy

Ambassador Deborah A. McCarthy

Amb. (ret.) Deborah A. McCarthy (@AMB_DMcCarthy) is an expert on U.S. foreign and national security policy with over 30 years of diplomatic experience. She is former U.S. Ambassador to Lithuania and Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs.

Kel McClanahan

Kel McClanahan

Kel McClanahan (@NatlSecCnslrs) is Executive Director of National Security Counselors, a Washington-area non-profit public interest law firm which specializes in national security law and information and privacy law, through which he often represents Intelligence Community employees and contractors.

Mary B. McCord

Mary B. McCord

Mary B. McCord is Executive Director of the Institute for Constitutional Advocacy and Protection (ICAP) and Visiting Professor of Law at Georgetown University Law Center. She previously served as Acting Assistant Attorney General for National Security at the U.S. Department of Justice.

Michael McCord

Michael McCord

Michael J. McCord (@Mike_J_McCord) served for eight years at the Department of Defense as the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)/Chief Financial Officer and before that as the Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) from January 2009 through January 2017. He formerly served for 21 years as a Professional Staff Member on the Senate Armed Services Committee for former Senators and Chairmen Sam Nunn and Carl Levin. He is now Director of Civil-Military Programs at the Stennis Center for Public Service Leadership and an Adjunct Research Staff Member at the Institute for Defense Analyses.

David McCraw

David McCraw

David McCraw is an Assistant General Counsel at The New York Times Company and Lead Litigation Counsel in The Times’s Freedom-of-Information Litigation.

Brian P. McKeon

Brian P. McKeon

Brian P. McKeon (@bpmckeon64) is Senior Director at the Penn Biden Center for Diplomacy and Global Engagement. He served as Principal Deputy Under Secretary for Policy at the Department of Defense (2014-2017) and Acting Under Secretary. In the White House, he served as Deputy Assistant to the President, Executive Secretary and Chief of Staff of the National Security Council (2012-2014), and as Deputy National Security Adviser to Vice President Biden (2009-2012).

Ambassador P. Michael McKinley (ret.)

Ambassador P. Michael McKinley (ret.)

P. Michael McKinley was a career foreign service officer at the State Department for 37 years until his resignation in October 2019 over the Ukraine scandal. His last position was as senior advisor to the Secretary of State. He also served as U.S. Ambassador to Peru, Colombia, Afghanistan, and Brazil. His articles have appeared in Foreign Affairs, The Atlantic, and the Financial Times, among other publications.

Wade McMullen

Wade McMullen

Wade McMullen (@wademc) is a Staff Attorney for International Strategic Litigation Unit at the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights (RFK Center).

David Medine

David Medine

David Medine is Chairman of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board.

Michael W. Meier

Michael W. Meier

Michael Meier is a senior civilian adviser to the Army Judge Advocate General on matters related to the Law of Armed Conflict, and he previously served as an Attorney-Adviser with the Office of the Legal Adviser for Political-Military Affairs, U.S. Department of State, from June 2009 until June 2016.

Juan E. Méndez

Juan E. Méndez

Juan E. Méndez is a Professor of Human Rights Law in Residence at Washington College of Law-American University, the former UN Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment (2010-2016), the former Special Advisor of the UN Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide (2004-2007), the former Commissioner of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (2000-2003) and as its President in 2002, and a member of the Physicians for Human Rights Advisory Council.

John Merriam

John Merriam

Lt. Col. John Merriam (@JJ_Merriam) is a U.S. Army Judge Advocate and Deputy Staff Judge Advocate for the 10th Mountain Division.

Dario Milo

Dario Milo

Professor Dario Milo (@Dariomilo) is a member of the High Level Panel of Legal Experts on Media Freedom and a partner at Webber Wentzel attorneys in Johannesburg, South Africa. He is an expert at Columbia University's Global Freedom of Expression initiative and is on the editorial board of the Journal of Media Law.

Lisa Monaco

Lisa Monaco

Lisa Monaco is a Distinguished Senior Fellow at New York University Law School, a Senior Fellow at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard, former White House Homeland Security and Counterterrorism Advisor (2013-2017), formerly served in the Department of Justice as Federal Prosecutor, the Chief of Staff to Former FBI Director Robert S. Mueller, III, and is an Assistant Attorney General for National Security.

Alex Moorehead

Alex Moorehead

Alex Moorehead (@apmoorehead) is a Lecturer-in-Law at Columbia Law School and Director of the Counterterrorism, Armed Conflict and Human Rights Project at Columbia Law School's Human Rights Institute.

Senator Jerry Moran

Senator Jerry Moran

U.S. Senator Jerry Moran (@JerryMoran) (R-KS) is a United States Senator for Kansas.

Luis Moreno Ocampo

Luis Moreno Ocampo

Luis Moreno Ocampo (@MorenoOcampo1) is the First Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (2003-2012), a Senior Fellow at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard Kennedy School, and CEO at Moreno Ocampo LLC.

Sahr Muhammedally

Sahr Muhammedally

Sahr Muhammedally (@Sahrmally) is the Director for MENA & South Asia at the Center for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC).

Ambassador Peter Mulrean (ret.)

Ambassador Peter Mulrean (ret.)

Amb. Peter Mulrean is a retired Foreign Service Officer and served as U.S. Ambassador to Haiti. Following his retirement from the State Department in 2017 and until December 2019, he was the Director of the UN Agency for Palestine Refugees.

Ambassador Cameron Munter (ret.)

Ambassador Cameron Munter (ret.)

Cameron Munter (@MunterCameron) is a retired U.S. career diplomat whose final assignment was ambassador to Pakistan. He taught at Pomona College and Columbia Law School, and was president of the EastWest Institute, engaging in international conflict mediation. He is currently on the board of advisors of Just Security as well as other corporate and nonprofit organizations. He lives in Prague, where he consults globally.

Sean Murphy

Sean Murphy

Sean D. Murphy is the Manatt/Ahn Professor of International Law at George Washington University, former President of the American Society of International Law, and member of the UN International Law Commission.

Mark Nevitt

Mark Nevitt

Mark P. Nevitt (@marknevitt) is an Associate Professor of Law at Syracuse University College of Law, previously Class of 1971 Distinguished Military Professor of Leadership & Law at the United States Naval Academy, Sharswood Fellow at the University of Pennsylvania Law School, and former commander in the Navy, serving as a tactical jet aviator and attorney in the Judge Advocate General’s Corps for 20 years.

Lawrence Norden

Lawrence Norden

Lawrence Norden (@larrynorden) is the director of the Election Reform Program at the Brennan Center for Justice.

Chidi Odinkalu

Chidi Odinkalu

Chidi Odinkalu is the Senior Legal Officer for the Africa Program of the Open Society Justice Initiative.

Matt Olsen

Matt Olsen

Matt Olsen is a former Director of the National Counterterrorism Center and General Counsel for the National Security Agency.

Scott Paul

Scott Paul

Scott Paul (@ScottTPaul) is a Humanitarian Policy Lead at Oxfam America.

Raoul Peck

Raoul Peck

Raoul Peck is a writer, director, and producer (“I Am Not Your Negro,” “Exterminate All the Brutes”) and the former Minister of Culture of Haiti.

Eric Pelofsky

Eric Pelofsky

Eric Pelofsky (@EPelofsky) is a Visiting Fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, a former Special Assistant to the President, and the former Senior Director for North Africa and Yemen at the National Security Council (2014-2017).

E. Danya Perry

E. Danya Perry

Danya Perry (@Edanyaperry) is Founding Partner at Perry Guha LLP. She is former Deputy Chief of the Criminal Division for the Southern District of New York, and former Deputy Attorney General for the State of New York and Chief of Investigations for the Moreland Commission to Investigate Public Corruption.

Nicola Perugini

Nicola Perugini

Nicola Perugini (@PeruginiNic ) is a Senior Lecturer in international relations at the University of Edinburgh.

Orni Petruschka

Orni Petruschka

Orni Petruschka is an Israeli high-tech entrepreneur, social activist and a philanthropist, and formerly served as a fighter pilot in the Israeli Air Force. He is a co-founder of the Israeli NGO Blue White Future.

Walter Pincus

Walter Pincus

Walter Pincus (@walterpincus) is a columnist and the Senior National Security Reporter at The Cipher Brief. He formerly reported for The Washington Post and is a Lecturer at Stanford in Washington.

Marc Polymeropoulos

Marc Polymeropoulos

Marc Polymeropoulos (@Mpolymer) retired in June 2019 from the Senior Intelligence Service ranks at the CIA after a 26 year career in operational headquarters and field management assignments covering the Middle East, Europe, Eurasia, and Counter Terrorism.

Katie Porter

Katie Porter

Rep. Katie Porter (@RepKatiePorter) (D-CA) represents the 45th congressional district of California in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Michael Posner

Michael Posner

Michael Posner (@mikehposner) is the Director of the NYU Stern Center for Business & Human Rights, Jerome Kohlberg Professor of Ethics and Finance at NYU Stern, former Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (2009-2013), and founding Executive Director and Former President of Human Rights First (1978-2009).

David Pozen

David Pozen

David Pozen is an Associate Professor of Law at Columbia Law School, a former Special Advisor to the U.S. Department of State’s Legal Adviser, and a former Special Assistant to Senator Edward M. Kennedy on the Senate Judiciary Committee.

Ambassador Stephen J. Rapp

Ambassador Stephen J. Rapp

Amb. Stephen Rapp (ret.) formerly served as U.S. Ambassador at Large for Global Criminal Justice from 2009-2015, prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone, and senior trial attorney and chief of prosecutions at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. He was the U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Iowa in 1993-2001. He is Senior Fellow at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum’s Center for Prevention of Genocide, and at Oxford University’s Center for Law, Ethics and Armed Conflict.

Samuel J. Rascoff

Samuel J. Rascoff

Samuel J. Rascoff is an Associate Professor of Law and Faculty Director of the Center on Law and Security at NYU School of Law.

Steven Ratner

Steven Ratner

Steven R. Ratner is the Bruno Simma Collegiate Professor of Law at the University of Michigan Law School, serves on the State Department's Advisory Committee on International Law, and formerly Served in the Legal Division of the ICRC in Geneva (2008-2009).

Natalie L. Reid

Natalie L. Reid

Natalie L. Reid is Co-Chair of the Public International Law Group and a Partner in the International Dispute Resolution Group at Debevoise & Plimpton LLP.

Robert Reinstein

Robert Reinstein

Robert J. Reinstein is the Clifford Scott Green Chair in Law at the Temple University Beasley School of Law, a former Vice President of Temple University, a former Dean of Temple Law School, and former Chief of the General Litigation Section of the US Department of Justice.

Barry K. Robinson

Barry K. Robinson

Barry Robinson is a practicing attorney, former Chief Counsel for Economic Affairs at the U.S. Department of Commerce, and former Senior Counsel for Corporate Affairs for the Recording Industry Association of America, Inc.

Mimi Rocah

Mimi Rocah

Mimi Rocah (@Mimirocah1) is a Legal Analyst for MSNBC and NBC News, a Distinguished Criminal Justice Fellow at Pace School of Law, and former Assistant United States Attorney in the Southern District of New York for 16.5 years from February 2001 until October 2017.

Francisco R. Rodríguez

Francisco R. Rodríguez

Francisco R. Rodríguez (@frrodriguezc) is a Venezuelan economist and currently director and founder of Oil for Venezuela, a non-profit organization focused on finding solutions to Venezuela’s humanitarian crisis. He previously served as Head of the Economic and Financial Advisory of the Venezuelan National Assembly (2000-2004), Head of the Research Team of the United Nations’ Human Development Report Office (2008-2011), and Chief Andean Economist for Bank of America (2011-2016).

Chris Rogers

Chris Rogers

Chris Rogers (@ChristphrRogers) is a senior program officer with the Open Society Human Rights Initiative leading its work on Security and Rights.

Gabor Rona

Gabor Rona

Gabor Rona (@GaborRona1) is a former Legal Advisor in the Legal Division of the ICRC and former International Legal Director of Human Rights First. He now teaches law of armed conflict, international criminal law and international human rights law at Cardozo Law School.

Eric Rosand

Eric Rosand

Eric Rosand (@RosandEric) is the Executive Director of the Strong Cities Network, a Senior Associate Fellow at the Royal United Services Institute in London, and a Visiting Senior Fellow at The Soufan Center where he is co-leading the Securing the Future Initiative (SFI). Until March 2016 he served in the Obama Administration as a senior counterterrorism official in the U.S. Department of State.

Menachem Z. Rosensaft

Menachem Z. Rosensaft

Menachem Z. Rosensaft is Associate Executive Vice President and General Counsel at World Jewish Congress. He teaches about the law of genocide at the law schools of Columbia and Cornell Universities. He is the author of “Poems Born in Bergen-Belsen” (Kelsay Books, 2021). Follow the World Jewish Congress on Twitter (@WorldJewishCong).

Daniel J. Rosenthal

Daniel J. Rosenthal

Daniel J. Rosenthal is a Senior Fellow at the George Washington University Center for Cyber and Homeland Security and Adjunct Professor at the University of Maryland’s Honors College. He previously served as Director for Counterterrorism at the National Security Council and as Senior Counsel to the Assistant Attorney General for National Security at the Justice Department.

Kenneth Roth

Kenneth Roth

Kenneth Roth is the executive director of Human Rights Watch, one of the world’s leading international human rights organizations, which operates in 100 countries. Follow him on Twitter @KenRoth.

Mark J. Rozell

Mark J. Rozell

Mark J. Rozell (@MarkJRozellGMU) is dean of the Schar School of Policy and Government at George Mason University where he holds the Ruth D. and John T. Hazel Faculty Chair in Public Policy. He is author or co-author of eleven books, including Executive Privilege: Presidential Power, Secrecy and Accountability (4th edition, University Press of Kansas, 2020).

Rahul Sagar

Rahul Sagar

Rahul Sagar (@rahulsagar) is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Yale NUS and author of Secrets and Leaks: The Dilemma of State Secrecy.

Kurt Sanger

Kurt Sanger

Kurt Sanger is a Lieutenant Colonel and judge advocate in the United States Marine Corps.

Paul Scharre

Paul Scharre

Paul Scharre (@paul_scharre) is a Senior Fellow at the Center for a New America Security, Author of Army of None: Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War, formerly Served at the Office of the Secretary of Defense (2008-2013), and a former Infantryman in the 75th Ranger Regiment.

Ambassador David Scheffer

Ambassador David Scheffer

David Scheffer is the former Mayer Brown/Robert A. Helman Professor of Law at Northwestern Pritzker School of Law (2006-2020). He was the U.S. Ambassador at Large for War Crimes Issues (1997-2001) and led the U.S. delegation to U.N. talks to establish the International Criminal Court.

Martin Scheinin

Martin Scheinin

Martin Scheinin (@MartinScheinin) is Professor of Public International Law at the European University Institute and former United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Counter-Terrorism (2005-2011).

Margo Schlanger

Margo Schlanger

Margo Schlanger (@mjschlanger) is the Henry M. Butzel Professor of Law at the University of Michigan, heads the Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse, and is the former Officer for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties at the Department of Homeland Security (2010-2011).

Bertram Schmitt

Bertram Schmitt

Judge Bertram Schmitt is President of the Trial Division and Presiding Judge of Trial Chamber VII and IX at the International Criminal Court in The Hague.

Gabriel Schoenfeld

Gabriel Schoenfeld

Gabriel Schoenfeld (@gabeschoenfeld) is a contributing editor at the American Interest and a member of USA Today’s Board of Contributors.

David Schulz

David Schulz

David Schulz (@MFIADave) is the Floyd Abrams Clinical Lecturer and Senior Research Scholar at Yale Law School, and serves as is Senior Counsel in the Media and Entertainment Group at Ballard Spahr, LLP.

David Schwendiman

David Schwendiman

David Schwendiman served as a prosecutor in the U.S. Department of Justice for over twenty-five years. He was the Chief Prosecutor of the Kosovo Specialist Prosecutor’s Office in The Hague from 2016 to 2018. He is an Adjunct Professor of Law at the University of Utah’s S.J. Quinney College of Law.

Stephen A. Seche

Stephen A. Seche

Stephen A. Seche is the Executive Vice President of the Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington, and served at U.S. Ambassador to Yemen from 2007 to 2010.

Ahmed Shaheed

Ahmed Shaheed

Ahmed Shaheed (@ahmedshaheed) is the U.N. Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief, a Senior Lecturer at the University of Essex School of Law, a Senior Fellow at Raoul Wallenberg Centre for Human Rights and Founding Chair of the Universal Rights Group.

Naureen Shah

Naureen Shah

Naureen Shah (@naureenshah) is Director of Amnesty International USA’s Security and Human Rights Program.

Ambassador Dana Shell Smith

Ambassador Dana Shell Smith

Amb. Dana Shell Smith (ret.) (@AmbDana) is a Senior Non-Resident Fellow at Georgetown University, a Career Foreign Service Officer for 25 years, and served as U.S. Ambassador to the State of Qatar, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs, Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Media, Regional Arabic Spokesperson, and at Embassies/Offices in Egypt, Israel, Gaza, Jordan, and Taiwan.

Gilead Sher

Gilead Sher

Gilead Sher (@GileadSher) was Chief of Staff and policy coordinator to Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, a senior negotiator at the Camp David summit and Taba talks (1999-2001), and a delegate to the 1995 Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement negotiations under Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. He is a co-founder of the Israeli NGO Blue White Future.

Ambassador Douglas A. Silliman

Ambassador Douglas A. Silliman

Ambassador Douglas A. Silliman (ret.) is a former U.S. Ambassador to Iraq and Kuwait, and former senior advisor in the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs in the U.S. Department of State.

David J. Simon

David J. Simon

David J. Simon (@djsimon7) is a Senior Lecturer in Political Science at Yale University, as well as the Director of the Genocide Studies Program and the co-Director of its Mass Atrocities in the Digital Era initiative.

Amrit Singh

Amrit Singh

Amrit Singh is a human rights lawyer who directs the project on national security and counterterrorism at the Open Society Justice Initiative.

Shirin Sinnar

Shirin Sinnar

Shirin Sinnar is Professor of Law at Stanford Law School.

John Sipher

John Sipher

John Sipher (@john_sipher) is Co-founder of Spycraft Entertainment, Director of Client Services at CrossLead, and a retired member of the CIA’s Senior Intelligence Service.

David L. Sloss

David L. Sloss

David Sloss is a Professor at the Santa Clara University of Law.

Adam M. Smith

Adam M. Smith

Adam Smith served as the senior advisor to the director of the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) and as the director for multilateral affairs on the National Security Council from 2010-2015. He is a Partner at the law firm of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher.

Ambassador Donald Steinberg

Ambassador Donald Steinberg

Amb. Donald Steinberg (ret.) is Executive Director of Mobilizing Men as Partners for Women, Peace and Security, the former U.S. Ambassador to Angola and Deputy Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and a former member of the U.N. Secretary General’s Civil Society Advisory Group on Women, Peace and Security. Advisory board, Global Governance Forum.

Amie Stepanovich

Amie Stepanovich

Amie Stepanovich (@astepanovich) is the US Policy Manager at Access Now.

James G. Stewart

James G. Stewart

James G. Stewart (@jimgstewart) is an Associate Professor at the Peter A. Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia, formerly worked for the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia, and formerly worked for the Legal Division of the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Jake Sullivan

Jake Sullivan

Jake Sullivan is a Senior Fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and Brady-Johnson Distinguished Practitioner in Strategy at Yale University.  He served in the Obama administration as national security adviser to Vice President Joe Biden and Director of Policy Planning at the U.S. Department of State, as well as deputy chief of staff to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

Peter Swire

Peter Swire

Peter Swire is the Huang Professor of Law and Ethics at the Georgia Tech Scheller College of Business, Former Chief Counselor for Privacy in the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (1999-2001), Former Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy in the National Economic Council (2009-10), and Member of President Obama’s Review Group on Intelligence and Communications Technology (2013)

Robert S. Taylor

Robert S. Taylor

Robert S. Taylor previously served as Principal Deputy General Counsel at the Department of Defense, and former Acting General Counsel at the Department of Defense.

Tarek Z. Ismail

Tarek Z. Ismail

Tarek Z. Ismail (@tarekzismail) is the Co-Author of Illusion of Justice: Human Rights Abuses in US Terrorism Prosecution, Adviser to the Columbia Law School Human Rights Institute, and Former Fellow at the Counterterrorism and Human Rights Project (2011-2013) at the Columbia Law School Human Rights Institute

Patrick C. Toomey

Patrick C. Toomey

Patrick Toomey (@PatrickCToomey) is a Senior Staff Attorney at the ACLU's National Security Project.

Russell E. Travers

Russell E. Travers

Russ Travers retired in July 2020 after a 42-year career in the Intelligence Community; he served in senior positions across multiple intelligence organizations -- including acting director of the National Counterterrorism Center, two tours as Senior Director on the National Security Council, and Deputy Director for Policy Support at the Defense Intelligence Agency.

Gregory F. Treverton

Gregory F. Treverton

Gregory F. Treverton (@gregtreverton) was Chair of the U.S. National Intelligence Council until January 2017. He is now Professor of the Practice at Dornsife College, University of Southern California, Chair of the Global TechnoPolitics Forum and Executive Advisor to SMA Corporation.

Laurence H. Tribe

Laurence H. Tribe

Laurence H. Tribe (@tribelaw) is Carl M. Loeb University Professor of Constitutional Law Emeritus at Harvard University. He is the author of more than 115 books and articles, including his treatise, American Constitutional Law, the most frequently cited treatise on U.S. constitutional law since 1950. He was appointed by President Barack Obama to serve as the first Senior Counselor for Access to Justice at the Justice Department.

Jeffrey Vagle

Jeffrey Vagle

Jeffrey L. Vagle (@jvagle) is an Assistant Professor of Law with the Georgia State University College of Law, and teaches Privacy Law, Cybersecurity Law, and Law and Ethics of Technology.

Brandon L. Van Grack

Brandon L. Van Grack

Brandon L. Van Grack (@BVanGrack) is a partner and co-chair of the National Security and Crisis Management practices at Morrison & Foerster LLP. He is a former senior national security official at the U.S. Department of Justice and former Chief of the FARA Unit.

Akshai Vikram

Akshai Vikram

Akshai Vikram (@Akshai_Vik) is the Nuclear Policy Advisor at Foreign Policy for America, an organization dedicated to principled American engagement in the world.

Kenneth Watkin

Kenneth Watkin

Brigadier-General (Ret’d) Ken Watkin, OMM, CD, QC served 33 years in the Canadian Forces, and four years as the Judge Advocate General. He is the author of Fighting at the Legal Boundaries: Controlling the Use of Force in Contemporary Conflict.

Sean Watts

Sean Watts

Sean Watts is a Professor at Creighton University Law School, a Reserve Instructor in the Department of Law at the United States Military Academy at West Point, a Senior Fellow at the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, served as an Active-Duty Army Officer in both the Armor and Judge Advocate General’s Corps (1992-2007), and is a current Army Reservist.

William S. Dodge

William S. Dodge

William S. Dodge (@ProfBillDodge) is Martin Luther King, Jr. Professor of Law and John D. Ayer Chair in Business Law at the University of California, Davis, School of Law. He is a Founding Editor of Transnational Litigation Blog and served as Counselor on International Law to the Legal Adviser at the U.S. Department of State (2011-2012) and as Co-Reporter for the American Law Institute’s Restatement (Fourth) of Foreign Relations Law (2012-2018).

Andrew Weissmann

Andrew Weissmann

Andrew Weissmann (@AWeissmann_) is Professor of Practice and Distinguished Senior Fellow at the Reiss Center on Law and Security and at the Center on the Administration of Criminal Law at NYU School of Law. He served as a lead prosecutor in Robert S. Mueller’s Special Counsel’s Office (2017-19), as Chief of the Fraud Section in the Department of Justice (2015-2019), and as General Counsel for the Federal Bureau of Investigation (2011-2013).

Fred Wertheimer

Fred Wertheimer

Fred Wertheimer (@FredWertheimer) is the Founder and President of Democracy 21, a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization that works to strengthen our democracy. He previously served as President of the citizens lobby Common Cause.

Senator Sheldon Whitehouse

Senator Sheldon Whitehouse

Member of the Senate Judiciary Committee and a former Rhode Island Attorney General and U.S. Attorney. Follow him on Twitter at (@SenWhitehouse)

Senator Roger F. Wicker

Senator Roger F. Wicker

U.S. Senator Roger F. Wicker (R-MS) (@SenatorWicker) is the co-chairman of the U.S. Helsinki Commission and the ranking member of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation for the 117th Congress.

Lt. Col. Winston Williams

Lt. Col. Winston Williams

Winston Williams is a Lieutenant Colonel in the United States Army and Assistant Professor in the Department of Law at the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York.

Richard Ashby Wilson

Richard Ashby Wilson

Richard Ashby Wilson (@RichardAWilson7) is the Gladstein Distinguished Chair of Human Rights and Professor of Law and Anthropology at UConn School of Law.

Jill Wine-Banks

Jill Wine-Banks

Jill Wine-Banks (@JillWineBanks) served as Assistant Special Prosecutor in the Watergate obstruction of justice trial against the top aides to President Nixon. She is now a legal contributor to NBC News.

John Fabian Witt

John Fabian Witt

John Fabian Witt (@JohnFabianWitt) is the Allen H. Duffy Class of 1960 Professor of Law at Yale Law School and Professor in the Yale History Department.

Ambassador (ret.) Lee Wolosky

Ambassador (ret.) Lee Wolosky

Lee Wolosky (@LeeWolosky) served under four U.S. Presidents in national security and legal positions, most recently as Special Counsel to President Biden. He is currently a partner at Jenner & Block LLP but the views expressed herein are exclusively his own.

Lloyd Wright

Lloyd Wright

Lloyd E. Wright is a Virginia farmer and Former Director of the Office of Civil Rights at the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Senator Ron Wyden

Senator Ron Wyden

Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR) is a United States Senator for Oregon.

Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Stephen N. Xenakis, MD

Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Stephen N. Xenakis, MD

Stephen N. Xenakis (@SteveXen), a psychiatrist and retired Army Brigadier General, serves on the executive boards of The Center for Ethics & the Rule of Law at the University of Pennsylvania and is an Adjunct Professor at the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences.

Julian Zelizer

Julian Zelizer

Julian E. Zelizer (@julianzelizer) is a Professor of History and Public Affairs at Princeton University and a New America Fellow. His most recent book, co-authored with Kevin Kruse, is Fault Lines: A History of the United States Since 1974 (Norton).