Since October 2023, Just Security has published more than 70 articles analyzing the diplomatic, legal, humanitarian and other consequences of the Israel-Hamas War.

The catalog below organizes our collection of articles primarily about the war into general categories to facilitate access to relevant topics for policymakers, researchers, journalists, scholars, and the public at large. The archive will be updated as new pieces are published.

We welcome readers to use the archive to follow the unfolding situation and generate new lines of analysis. To search headlines and authors, expand one or all of the topics, as needed, and use CTRL-F on your keyboard to open the search tool. The archive also is available in reverse chronological order at the Israel-Hamas War articles page.

International Criminal Court
IHL/Law of Armed Conflict, Humanitarian Assistance, and War Crimes

The Just Security Podcast: Harm to Women in War Goes Beyond Sexual Violence: `Obstetric Violence’ Neglected
By Fionnuala Ní Aoláin (@NiAolainF), Viola Gienger (@violagienger) and Paras Shah (@pshah518) (April 26, 2024)

Arms Transfers to Israel: Knowledge and Risk of Violations of International Law
By Vladyslav Lanovoy (@VLanovoy) (April 17, 2024)

Gaza’s Famine is Underway
By Jeremy Konyndyk (@JeremyKonyndyk) (March 28, 2024)

Starvation is Starvation is Starvation.
By Pablo Arrocha Olabuenaga (March 25, 2024)

Israeli Civilian Harm Mitigation in Gaza: Gold Standard or Fool’s Gold?
By Larry Lewis (@LarryLewis_) (March 12, 2024)

A Zone of Silence: Obstetric Violence in Gaza and Beyond
By Fionnuala Ní Aoláin (@NiAolainF) (February 21, 2024)

Dutch Appeals Court, Finding Clear Risk of IHL Violations, Orders Government to Halt Military Deliveries to Israel
By Yussef Al Tamimi (February 13, 2024)

On Civilians’ Return to North Gaza: What International Humanitarian Law Requires
By Eliav Lieblich (@eliavl) (February 12, 2024)

The Law of Relief Action – Is Israel Required to Allow Fuel into Gaza?
By Rosa-Lena Lauterbach (@rosalauterbach) (January 23, 2024)

Israel’s Rewriting of the Law of War
By Leonard Rubenstein (@lenrubenstein) (December 21, 2023)

In Defense of Gaza’s Hospitals and Health Workers
By Elise Baker (@elise_baker) (December 21, 2023)

Top Legal Experts on Why Aid to Gaza Can’t Be Conditioned on Hostage Release, in response to remarks by US Official
By Just Security (November 20, 2023)

Unpacking Key Assumptions Underlying Legal Analyses of the 2023 Hamas-Israel War
By Amichai Cohen (@amichaic) and Yuval Shany (@yuvalshany1) (October 30, 2023)

Law and Survival in Israel and Palestine
By Janina Dill (October 26, 2023)

The Just Security Podcast: The Siege of Gaza
By Paras Shah (@pshah518), Tom Dannenbaum (@tomdannenbaum), Tiffany Chang, Michelle Eigenheer and Clara Apt (@claraapt25) (October 20, 2023)

War on Water Prolongs Misery in Gaza
By Mark Zeitoun (October 17, 2023)

The Directive to Evacuate Northern Gaza: Advance Warning or Forced Displacement?
By Yousuf Syed Khan (@yousufsyedkhan) (October 17, 2023)

Expert Guidance: Law of Armed Conflict in the Israel-Hamas War
By Ryan Goodman (@rgoodlaw), Michael W. Meier (@MWMeier23) and Tess Bridgeman (@bridgewriter) (October 17, 2023)

Rare ICRC Public Statement Calls for “Pause” in Gaza Fighting
By Tess Bridgeman (@bridgewriter) (October 13, 2023)

The Siege of Gaza and the Starvation War Crime
By Tom Dannenbaum (@tomdannenbaum) (October 11, 2023)

Where Is the ICC Prosecutor?
By Rebecca Hamilton (@bechamilton) (October 11, 2023)

US Law and Policy

Key Takeaways from Biden Administration Report on Israeli Use of US Weapons
By John Ramming Chappell (@jwrchappell) (May 11, 2024)

State Department Submits Key Report to Congress on Israel’s Use of US Weapons
By Just Security (May 10, 2024)

Report of the Independent Task Force on National Security Memorandum-20 Regarding Israel
By Noura Erakat (@4noura) and Josh Paul (April 24, 2024)

Section 620I: No Military Assistance to States Restricting U.S. Humanitarian Assistance
By Brian Finucane (@BCFinucane) (March 19, 2024)

Israel, the United States, and the Fourth Geneva Convention
By Brian Finucane (@BCFinucane) (February 24, 2024)

The “War Reserve Stockpile Allies – Israel” Explained & Why Congress Should Not Expand It
By John Ramming Chappell (@jwrchappell) and Sarah Harrison (@Seharrison7) (January 16, 2024)

Regional Conflict in the Middle East and the Limitations of the War Powers Resolution
By Brian Finucane (@BCFinucane) (January 8, 2024)

U.S. Policymakers’ Lessons from Yemen for Gaza
By Wa’el Alzayat (@WaelAlzayat) and Jeremy Konyndyk (@JeremyKonyndyk) (December 22, 2023)

Senator Sanders’ New Resolution Could Force U.S. to Confront Any Complicity in Civilian Harm in Gaza
By John Ramming Chappell (@jwrchappell) and Hassan El-Tayyab (@HassanElTayyab) (December 18, 2023)

It’s Time to Close the Door on Biden’s Saudi Defense Deal
By Shahed Ghoreishi (@ShahedGhoreishi) (November 16, 2023)

Law and Policy Guide to US Arms Transfers to Israel
By John Ramming Chappell (@jwrchappell), Annie Shiel (@annieshiel), Seth Binder (@seth_binder), Elias Yousif, Bill Monahan and Amanda Klasing (@AMKlasing) (November 8, 2023)

Genocide and the South Africa v. Israel ICJ Case

Halt: The International Court of Justice and the Rafah Offensive
By Adil Ahmad Haque (@AdHaque110) (May 24, 2024)

“Famine is Setting in”: The International Court of Justice Returns to Gaza
By Adil Ahmad Haque (@AdHaque110) (March 30, 2024)

The Implications of An ICJ Finding that Israel is Committing the Crime Against Humanity of Apartheid
By Victor Kattan (@VictorKattan) (March 20, 2024)

Taking Stock of ICJ Decisions in the ‘Ukraine v. Russia’ Cases–And implications for South Africa’s case against Israel
By Oona A. Hathaway (@oonahathaway) (February 5, 2024)

Between Rhetoric and Effects: The ICJ Provisional Measures Order in South Africa v. Israel
By Amichai Cohen (@amichaic) and Yuval Shany (@yuvalshany1) (February 1, 2024)

Strategic Litigation Takes the International Stage: South Africa v Israel in Its Broader Context
By James A. Goldston (@JamesAGoldston) (January 31, 2024)

Why the ICJ Ruling Misses the Mark: Mitigating Civilian Harm With An Enemy Engaged in Human Shielding
By Claire O. Finkelstein (@COFinkelstein) and General (ret.) Joseph Votel (January 29, 2024)

The Just Security Podcast: ICJ Provisional Measures in South Africa v. Israel
By Adil Ahmad Haque (@AdHaque110), Oona A. Hathaway (@oonahathaway), Yuval Shany (@yuvalshany1), Paras Shah (@pshah518) and Clara Apt (@claraapt25) (January 26, 2024)

Top Experts’ Views of Int’l Court of Justice Ruling on Israel Gaza Operations (South Africa v Israel, Genocide Convention Case)
By Just Security (January 26, 2024)

Unpacking the Int’l Court of Justice Judgment in South Africa v Israel (Genocide Case)
By Ryan Goodman (@rgoodlaw) and Siven Watt (@SivenWatt) (January 26, 2024)

International Courts as the Last Hope for Humanity
By Chile Eboe-Osuji (@EboeOsuji) (January 24, 2024)

South Africa vs. Israel at the International Court of Justice: A Battle Over Issue-Framing and the Request to Suspend the War
By Yuval Shany (@yuvalshany1) and Amichai Cohen (@amichaic) (January 16, 2024)

How the International Court of Justice Should Stop the War in Gaza
By Adil Ahmad Haque (@AdHaque110) (January 15, 2024)

The Promise and Risk of South Africa’s Case Against Israel
By Alaa Hachem and Oona A. Hathaway (@oonahathaway) (January 4, 2024)
Japanese Translation:  南アフリカ対イスラエル事件の期待とリスク

Selective Use of Facts and the Gaza Genocide Debate
By Amichai Cohen (@amichaic) and Yuval Shany (@yuvalshany1) (January 2, 2024)

Jus ad Bellum/Law on the Resort to Armed Force
United Nations
Reflections on War
Further Essays and Analysis


IMAGES (left to right): People search through buildings, destroyed during Israeli air raids in the southern Gaza Strip on November 7, 2023 in Khan Yunis, Gaza (Photo by Ahmad Hasaballah/Getty Images); A fireball erupts during Israeli bombardment of Gaza City on October 9, 2023 (Photo by Mahmud Hams/AFP via Getty Images); The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the principal judicial organ of the UN, holds public hearings on the request for the indication of provisional measures submitted by South Africa in the case South Africa v. Israel on 11 and 12 January 2024, at the Peace Palace in The Hague, the seat of the Court (Photo by the International Court of Justice).