Welcome to this all-source, repository of information for analysts, researchers, investigators, journalists, educators, and the public at large. 

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Timelines

Side by side images of aides opening the cases that hold the electoral college votes after the session resumed in the evening and of insurrectionists waking around on the floor of the House camber.

1. Atlantic Council’s DFRLab, #StopTheSteal: Timeline of Social Media and Extremist Activities Leading to 1/6 Insurrection, Just Security (Feb. 10, 2021)

2. Ryan Goodman, Mari Dugas and Nicholas Tonckens, Incitement Timeline: Year of Trump’s Actions Leading to the Attack on the Capitol, Just Security (Jan. 11, 2021)

3. Andrew Restuccia and Ted Mann, “Jan. 6, 2021: How It Unfolded - A Minute-by-Minute Look,” Wall Street Journal (Feb. 12, 2021)

4. Department of Defense, Planning and Execution Timeline (released on Jan. 8, 2021)

5. Kate Brannen and Ryan Goodman, The Official and Unofficial Timeline of Defense Department Actions on January 6, Just Security, (May 11, 2021)

6. House Committee on Oversight and Reform, Fact Sheet and Timeline: Delayed National Guard Response to January 6 Insurrection (released on Jun. 16, 2021)

7. United States Secret Service, USSS Timeline of Jan. 6, 2021 (FOIA release on Jun. 29, 2021)

8. Ryan Goodman and Juilee Shivalkar, Mark Meadows Timeline: The Chief of Staff and Schemes to Overturn 2020 Election (Aug. 8, 2021)

9. Justin Hendrix, Nicholas Tonckens and Sruthi Venkatachalam, Timeline: Rep. Jim Jordan, a Systematic Disinformation Campaign, and January 6 (Aug. 23, 2021)

Congressional Hearings

FBI Director Christopher Wray testifies during a House Judiciary Committee oversight hearing on Capitol Hill June 10, 2021 in Washington, DC.

House Homeland Security Committee (February 4, 2021)

House Homeland Security Committee
Title: “Examining the Domestic Terrorism Threat in the Wake of the Attack on the U.S. Capitol
February 4, 2021
YouTube CSPAN

Witnesses:

Christopher Rodriguez, PhD (Testimony)
Director
Homeland Security and Emergency Management Agency (HSEMA)
District of Columbia

Ms. Elizabeth Neumann (Testimony)
Founder and Managing Director, New Summit Strategies
Former Assistant Secretary for Counterterrorism and Threat Prevention
U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

Mr. Jonathan Greenblatt (Testimony)
Chief Executive Officer
Anti-Defamation League

Mr. Brian Michael Jenkins (Testimony)
Senior Advisor to the RAND President
The RAND Corporation

Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee and Senate Rules and Administration Committee (February 23, 2021)

Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee and Senate Rules and Administration Committee
Title: “A Joint Hearing to Examine the January 6, 2021 Attack on the Capitol
February 23, 2021
CSPAN

Witnesses:

Robert J. Contee III (Testimony)
Acting Chief of Police
Metropolitan Police Department (MPD)
Washington, D.C.

Steven A. Sund (Testimony)
Former Chief of Police (2019-2021)
United States Capitol Police (USCP)

Michael C. Stenger (Testimony)
Former Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper (2018-2021)
U.S. Senate

Paul D. Irving (Testimony)
Former Sergeant at Arms (2012-2021)
U.S. House of Representatives

Captain Carneysha Mendoza (Testimony)
Field Commander
Special Operations Division
United States Capitol Police (USCP)

House Energy & Commerce Committee (February 24, 2021)

House Energy & Commerce Committee
Title: “Fanning the Flames: Disinformation and Extremism in the Media”
February 24, 2021
CSPAN Youtube

Witnesses:

Soledad O’Brien (Testimony)
Anchor, Matter of Fact
CEO, Soledad O’Brien Productions

Emily Bell (Testimony)
Director
Tow Center for Digital Media
Columbia University

Kristin Danielle Urquiza (Testimony)
Co-Founder
Marked by COVID

Jonathan Turley (Testimony)
Professor
The George Washington University Law School

House Appropriations Committee (Feb. 25, 2021)

House Appropriations Committee - Feb. 25, 2021
"
U.S. Capitol Police and House Sergeant at Arms, Security Failures on January 6”

CSPAN

Witnesses:

The Honorable Timothy Blodgett (Testimony)
Acting Sergeant at Arms, House of Representatives

Yogananda D. Pittman (Testimony)
Acting Chief of Police
United States Capitol Police (USCP)

Senate Judiciary Committee (March 2, 2021)

Senate Judiciary Committee
Title: “Oversight of the Federal Bureau of Investigation: the January 6 Insurrection, Domestic Terrorism, and Other Threats”
March 2, 2021
CSPAN

Witness:

Hon. Chistopher Wray (Testimony)
Director
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

House Committee on Appropriations (March 3, 2021)

House Committee on Appropriations
Title: “U.S. Capitol Police FY 2022 Hearing
March 3, 2021
C-Span

Witnesses:

Yogananda D. Pittman (Testimony)
Acting Chief
United States Capitol Police (USCP)

Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee and Senate Rules and Administration Committee (March 3, 2021)

Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee and Senate Rules and Administration Committee
Title: “Examining the January 6 Attack on the U.S. Capitol, Part II”
March 3, 2021
YouTube CSPAN Part 1 CSPAN Part 2

Witnesses:

Melissa Smislova (Testimony)
Senior Official Performing the Duties of the Under Secretary
Office of Intelligence and Analysis
U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

Jill Sanborn (Testimony)
Assistant Director, Counterterrorism Division
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ)

Robert G. Salesses (Testimony)
Senior Official Performing the Duties of the Assistant Secretary for Homeland Defense and Global Security
U.S. Department of Defense (DOD)

Major General  William J. Walker (Testimony)
Commanding General
District of Columbia National Guard (DCNG)

House Homeland Security Committee; Subcommittee on Intelligence and Counterterrorism (March 24, 2021)

House Homeland Security Committee; Subcommittee on Intelligence and Counterterrorism
Title: “State and Local Responses to Domestic Terrorism: The Attack on the U.S. Capitol and Beyond
March 24, 2021
YouTube CSPAN

Witnesses:

Hon. Dana Nessel (Testimony)
Attorney General
State of Michigan

Hon. Aaron Ford (Testimony)
Attorney General
State of Nevada

Hon. John Chisholm (Testimony)
District Attorney
Milwaukee County, Wisconsin

House Energy & Commerce Committee (March 25, 2021)

House Energy & Commerce Committee
Title: “Disinformation Nation: Social Media’s Role in Promoting Extremism and Misinformation”
March 25, 2021
CSPAN Youtube

Witnesses:

Mark Zuckerberg (Testimony)
Chairman and CEO
Facebook

Sundar Pichai (Testimony)
CEO
Google

Jack Dorsey (Testimony)
CEO
Twitter

Committee on House Administration (April 15, 2021)

Committee on House Administration
Title: “Oversight of the United States Capitol Police and Preparations for and Response to the Attack of January 6th
April 15, 2021
YouTube Part 1 Youtube Part 2 CSPAN

Witness:

Mr. Michael Bolton (Testimony)
Inspector General
United States Capitol Police (USCP)

Senate Committee on Appropriations (April 21, 2021)

Senate Committee on Appropriations
Title: “Fiscal Year 2022 Budget Requests
April 21, 2021
C-Span

Witnesses:

Yogananda Pittman (Testimony)
Acting Chief
United States Capitol Police (USCP)

The Honorable J. Brett Blanton  (Testimony)
Architect of the Capitol

The Honorable Karen Gibson (Testimony)
Senate Sergeant at Arms

Senate Judiciary Committee; Subcommittee on Privacy, Technology, and the Law (April 27, 2021)

Senate Judiciary Committee; Subcommittee on Privacy, Technology, and the Law
Title: “Algorithms and Amplification: How Social Media Platforms’ Design Choices Shape Our Discourse and Our Minds”
April 27, 2021
CSPAN Youtube

Witnesses:

Ms. Monika Bickert (Testimony)
Vice President for Content Policy
Facebook

Ms. Lauren Culbertson (Testimony)
Head of U.S. Public Policy
Twitter

Ms. Alexandra Veitch (Testimony)
Director of Government Affairs and Public Policy for the Americas and Emerging Markets
Youtube

Mr. Tristan Harris (Testimony)
Co-Founder and President
Center for Humane Technology

Dr. Joan Donovan (Testimony)
Research Director
Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics, and Public Policy
Lecturer in Public Policy
John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University

Committee on House Administration (May 10, 2021)

Committee on House Administration
Title: “Oversight of the January 6th Attack: United States Capitol Police Threat Assessment and Counter-Surveillance Before and During the Attack
May 10, 2021
YouTube CSPAN

Witness:

Mr. Michael Bolton (Testimony)
Inspector General
United States Capitol Police (USCP)

House Committee on Oversight and Reform (May 12, 2021)

House Committee on Oversight and Reform (May 12, 2021)
“The Capitol Insurrection: Unexplained Delays and Unanswered Questions
CSPAN

Witnesses:

The Honorable Christopher C. Miller (Testimony)
Former Acting Secretary
Department of Defense (DOD)

The Honorable Jeffrey A. Rosen (Testimony)
Former Acting Attorney General
Department of Justice (DOJ)

Mr. Robert J. Contee III (Testimony)
Chief
Metropolitan Police Department (MPD)

Committee on House Administration (May 12, 2021)

Committee on House Administration
Title: “Oversight of the January 6th Attack: Review of the Architect of the Capitol’s Emergency Preparedness
May 12, 2021
YouTube CSPAN

Witness:

Mr. Christopher Failla (Testimony)
Inspector General
Architect of the Capitol

House Rules Committee (May 18, 2021)
House Judiciary Committee (June 10, 2021)

House Judiciary Committee
Title: Oversight of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
June 10, 2021
Youtube CSPAN

Witness:

Hon. Christopher Wray (Testimony )
Director
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

Committee on House Administration (June 15, 2021)

Committee on House Administration
Title: “Oversight of the January 6th Attack: United States Capitol Police Containment Emergency Response Team and First Responders Unit
June 15, 2021
YouTube CSPAN

Witnesses:

Mr. Michael Bolton (Testimony)
Inspector General
United States Capitol Police (USCP)

Dr. Gretta Goodwin (Testimony)
Director
Justice and Law Enforcement Issues
U.S. Government Accountability Office (U.S. GAO)

House Committee on Oversight and Reform (June 15, 2021)

House Committee on Oversight and Reform
Title: “The Capitol Insurrection: Unexplained Delays and Unanswered Questions
June 15, 2021
YouTube CSPAN

Witnesses:

General Charles E. Flynn (Testimony)
Commanding General
United States Army Pacific

Lieutenant General Walter E. Piatt (Testimony)
Director of Army Staff
United States Army

Hon. Christopher Wray (Testimony)
Director
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

Senate Rules and Administration Committee (June 16, 2021)

Senate Rules and Administration Committee
Title: “An oversight hearing to examine the U.S. Capitol Police following the January 6th attack on the Capitol.
June 16, 2021
CSPAN

Witness:

Mr. Michael Bolton (Testimony)
Inspector General
United States Capitol Police (USCP)

Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol (July 27, 2021)

Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol
Title: "The Law Enforcement Experience on January 6th"
July 27, 2021
CSPAN

Witnesses:

Officer Harry Dunn (Testimony)
United States Capitol Police (USCP)

Officer Michael Fanone (Testimony)
Metropolitan Police Department (MPD)

Sergeant Aquilino Gonell (Testimony)
United States Capitol Police (USCP)

Officer Daniel Hodges (Testimony)
Metropolitan Police Department (MPD)

Congressional Reports/Documents (including House Select Committee)

The U.S. Capitol dome at dusk on April 13, 2021 in Washington, DC.

1. Senator Mark Warner (D-VA), incoming Chair of Senate Intelligence Committee, Urges Wireless Carriers and Technology Companies to Preserve Evidence Related to the Attack on the U.S. Capitol (Jan. 9. 2021)
Letters sent to AT&T, T-Mobile, Verizon, Apple, Facebook, Gab, Google, Parler, Signal, Telegram, and Twitter

2. Trump Second Impeachment Trial
Core Documents and Other Documents via Union College Schaffer Library
Video Evidence Presented at Trial via Washington Post
Rep. Jamie Herrera Beutler (R-WA), Statement Confirming Conversation with Rep. Kevin McCarthy, entered into evidence in Senate impeachment trial (Feb. 12, 2021)

3. House Committee on Oversight and Reform, Letter to Parler Requesting Documents (Feb. 8, 2021)

Related: Parler Letter to Chair and Ranking Member of House Committee on Oversight and Reform (Mar. 25, 2021)

4. Chairs of Six House Committees, Document Requests to Agencies (Mar. 25, 2021)

5. Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee; Senate Rules and Administration Committee Joint Report (released on Jun. 8, 2021)

Related reading: FactCheck.Org, Facebook Post Misleads on Bipartisan Capitol Attack Report and Interview (Jun. 10, 2021)

6. House Committee on Oversight and Reform, Fact Sheet and Timeline: Delayed National Guard Response to January 6 Insurrection (released on Jun. 16, 2021)

7. House Committee on Oversight and Reform, "President Trump Pressure Campaign on the Department of Justice" (released on Jun. 15, 2021)
(Press Release) (Selected Documents) (see also Committee’s initial letter of request to DOJ)

8. House Resolution 503 - Establishing the Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol (introduced Jun. 28, 2021)

9. Acting Deputy Attorney General Richard P. Donoghue, Handwritten notes of phone call with President Trump on Dec. 27, 2020 and phone call with White House on Dec. 29, 2020 (transcription of positions of handwritten notes, by House Committee on Oversight and Reform)

10. GAO, Capitol Attack: Special Event Designations Could Have Been Requested for January 6, 2021, But Not All DHS Guidance Is Clear(Aug. 9, 2021)

11. House Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol, Demands to the Executive Branch for Records (a single PDF with all demand letters) (press release) (Aug. 25, 2021):

12. House Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol, Demands Records from Social Media Companies (a single PDF with all demand letters) (press release) (Aug. 26-27, 2021):

13. House Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol, Telecom and Social Media Companies Preservation Requests (a single PDF with all demand letters) (Aug. 30, 2021).

14. House Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol, Subpoenas to individuals connected to President Trump (press release) (Sept. 23, 2021)

Subpoena letters to four witnesses:

Mark Meadows
Daniel Scavino
Kashyap Patel
Stephen Bannon

15. House Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol, Subpoenas to organizers of rallies and events preceding January 6th insurrection (press release) (Sept. 29, 2021)

Subpoena letters to 11 organizers:

Amy Kremer
Kylie Kremer
Cynthia Chafian
Caroline Wren
Maggie Mulvaney
Justin Caporale
Tim Unes
Megan Powers
Hannah Salem
Lyndon Brentnall
Katrina Pierson

16. Senate Judiciary Report on White House efforts toward Department of Justice (Oct. 7, 2021)

Majority Report: Subverting Justice: How the Former President and His Allies Pressured DOJ to Overturn the 2020 Election 

Minority Report: In Their Own Words: A Factual Summary of Testimony from Senior Justice Department Officials Relating to Events from December 14, 2020 to January 3, 2021

Transcript of interview with former Acting Attorney General Jeff Rosen
Transcript of interview with former Acting Deputy Attorney General Richard Donoghue
Transcript of interview with former U.S. Attorney BJay Pak

17. House Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol, Subpoena to former Justice Department Official Jeffrey Clark (press release) (subpoena) (Oct. 13, 2021)

Major Votes in Congress

A screenshot from C-Span with the words, 'January 6th Commission' at the top. Representatives sit and walk on the House floor. The breakdown of votes on HR 3233 are overlaid the video. 'Yea, Democratic 217; Nay, Democratic [blank]; PRES, Democratic [blank]; NV, Democratic 2; Yea, Republican 35; Nay, Republican 175; NV, Republican 1' Yea, Nay, Pres, and NV are all blank for Independent. 'Totals: Yea 252; Nay 175; NV 3; Time Remaining 0:00'

Certification of Presidential Election in House of Representatives (Jan. 6, 2021)

Official source: Clerk's Office House of Representatives

Objecting:
  1. Aderholt
  2. Allen
  3. Arrington
  4. Babin
  5. Baird
  6. Banks
  7. Bergman
  8. Bice (OK)
  9. Biggs
  10. Bishop (NC)
  11. Boebert
  12. Bost
  13. Brooks
  14. Budd
  15. Burchett
  16. Burgess
  17. Calvert
  18. Cammack
  19. Carl
  20. Carter (GA)
  21. Carter (TX)
  22. Cawthorn
  23. Cline
  24. Cloud
  25. Clyde
  26. Cole
  27. Crawford
  28. Davidson
  29. DesJarlais
  30. Diaz-Balart
  31. Donalds
  32. Duncan
  33. Dunn
  34. Estes
  35. Fallon
  36. Fischbach
  37. Fitzgerald
  38. Fleischmann
  39. Franklin, C. Scott
  40. Fulcher
  41. Gaetz
  42. Garcia (CA)
  43. Gibbs
  44. Gimenez
  45. Gohmert
  46. Good (VA)
  47. Gooden (TX)
  48. Gosar
  49. Graves (MO)
  50. Green (TN)
  51. Greene (GA)
  52. Griffith
  53. Guest
  54. Hagedorn
  55. Harris
  56. Harshbarger
  57. Hartzler
  58. Hern
  59. Herrell
  60. Hice (GA)
  61. Higgins (LA)
  62. Hudson
  63. Issa
  64. Jackson
  65. Jacobs (NY)
  66. Johnson (LA)
  67. Johnson (OH)
  68. Jordan
  69. Joyce (PA)
  70. Kelly (MS)
  71. Kelly (PA)
  72. LaMalfa
  73. Lamborn
  74. LaTurner
  75. Lesko
  76. Long
  77. Loudermilk
  78. Lucas
  79. Luetkemeyer
  80. Malliotakis
  81. Mann
  82. Mast
  83. McCarthy
  84. McClain
  85. Miller (IL)
  86. Miller (WV)
  87. Moore (AL)
  88. Mullin
  89. Nehls
  90. Norman
  91. Nunes
  92. Obernolte
  93. Palazzo
  94. Palmer
  95. Perry
  96. Pfluger
  97. Posey
  98. Reschenthaler
  99. Rice (SC)
  100. Rogers (AL)
  101. Rogers (KY)
  102. Rose
  103. Rosendale
  104. Rouzer
  105. Rutherford
  106. Scalise
  107. Sessions
  108. Smith (MO)
  109. Smith (NE)
  110. Steube
  111. Tiffany
  112. Timmons
  113. Van Drew
  114. Walberg
  115. Walorski
  116. Weber (TX)
  117. Webster (FL)
  118. Williams (TX)
  119. Wilson (SC)
  120. Wright
  121. Zeldin
Not Objecting:

* Those listed in italics are Republicans

  1. Adams
  2. Aguilar
  3. Allred
  4. Amodei
  5. Armstrong
  6. Auchincloss
  7. Axne
  8. Bacon
  9. Balderson
  10. Barr
  11. Barragán
  12. Bass
  13. Beatty
  14. Bentz
  15. Bera
  16. Beyer
  17. Bishop (GA)
  18. Blumenauer
  19. Blunt Rochester
  20. Bonamici
  21. Bourdeaux
  22. Bowman
  23. Boyle, Brendan F.
  24. Brown
  25. Brownley
  26. Buchanan
  27. Buck
  28. Bucshon
  29. Bush
  30. Bustos
  31. Butterfield
  32. Carbajal
  33. Cárdenas
  34. Carson
  35. Cartwright
  36. Case
  37. Casten
  38. Castor (FL)
  39. Castro (TX)
  40. Chabot
  41. Cheney
  42. Chu
  43. Cicilline
  44. Clark (MA)
  45. Clarke (NY)
  46. Cleaver
  47. Clyburn
  48. Cohen
  49. Comer
  50. Connolly
  51. Cooper
  52. Correa
  53. Costa
  54. Courtney
  55. Craig
  56. Crenshaw
  57. Crist
  58. Crow
  59. Cuellar
  60. Curtis
  61. Davids (KS)
  62. Davis, Danny K.
  63. Davis, Rodney
  64. Dean
  65. DeFazio
  66. DeGette
  67. DeLauro
  68. DelBene
  69. Delgado
  70. Demings
  71. DeSaulnier
  72. Deutch
  73. Dingell
  74. Doggett
  75. Doyle, Michael F.
  76. Emmer
  77. Escobar
  78. Eshoo
  79. Espaillat
  80. Evans
  81. Feenstra
  82. Ferguson
  83. Fitzpatrick
  84. Fletcher
  85. Fortenberry
  86. Foster
  87. Foxx
  88. Frankel, Lois
  89. Fudge
  90. Gallagher
  91. Gallego
  92. Garamendi
  93. Garbarino
  94. García (IL)
  95. Garcia (TX)
  96. Golden
  97. Gomez
  98. Gonzales, Tony
  99. Gonzalez (OH)
  100. Gonzalez, Vicente
  101. Gottheimer
  102. Graves (LA)
  103. Green, Al (TX)
  104. Grijalva
  105. Grothman
  106. Guthrie
  107. Haaland
  108. Harder (CA)
  109. Hayes
  110. Herrera Beutler
  111. Higgins (NY)
  112. Hill
  113. Himes
  114. Hinson
  115. Hollingsworth
  116. Horsford
  117. Houlahan
  118. Hoyer
  119. Huffman
  120. Huizenga
  121. Jackson Lee
  122. Jacobs (CA)
  123. Jayapal
  124. Jeffries
  125. Johnson (GA)
  126. Johnson (SD)
  127. Johnson (TX)
  128. Jones
  129. Joyce (OH)
  130. Kahele
  131. Kaptur
  132. Katko
  133. Keating
  134. Keller
  135. Kelly (IL)
  136. Khanna
  137. Kildee
  138. Kilmer
  139. Kim (NJ)
  140. Kind
  141. Kinzinger
  142. Kirkpatrick
  143. Krishnamoorthi
  144. Kuster
  145. Kustoff
  146. LaHood
  147. Lamb
  148. Langevin
  149. Larsen (WA)
  150. Larson (CT)
  151. Latta
  152. Lawrence
  153. Lawson (FL)
  154. Lee (CA)
  155. Lee (NV)
  156. Leger Fernandez
  157. Levin (CA)
  158. Levin (MI)
  159. Lieu
  160. Lofgren
  161. Lowenthal
  162. Luria
  163. Lynch
  164. Mace
  165. Malinowski
  166. Maloney, Carolyn B.
  167. Maloney, Sean
  168. Manning
  169. Massie
  170. Matsui
  171. McBath
  172. McCaul
  173. McClintock
  174. McCollum
  175. McEachin
  176. McGovern
  177. McHenry
  178. McKinley
  179. McNerney
  180. Meeks
  181. Meijer
  182. Meng
  183. Meuser
  184. Mfume
  185. Miller-Meeks
  186. Moolenaar
  187. Mooney
  188. Moore (UT)
  189. Moore (WI)
  190. Morelle
  191. Moulton
  192. Mrvan
  193. Murphy (FL)
  194. Murphy (NC)
  195. Nadler
  196. Napolitano
  197. Neal
  198. Neguse
  199. Newhouse
  200. Newman
  201. Norcross
  202. O'Halleran
  203. Ocasio-Cortez
  204. Omar
  205. Owens
  206. Pallone
  207. Panetta
  208. Pappas
  209. Pascrell
  210. Payne
  211. Pelosi
  212. Pence
  213. Perlmutter
  214. Peters
  215. Phillips
  216. Pingree
  217. Pocan
  218. Porter
  219. Pressley
  220. Price (NC)
  221. Quigley
  222. Raskin
  223. Reed
  224. Rice (NY)
  225. Richmond
  226. Rodgers (WA)
  227. Ross
  228. Roy
  229. Roybal-Allard
  230. Ruiz
  231. Ruppersberger
  232. Rush
  233. Ryan
  234. Sánchez
  235. Sarbanes
  236. Scanlon
  237. Schakowsky
  238. Schiff
  239. Schneider
  240. Schrader
  241. Schrier
  242. Schweikert
  243. Scott (VA)
  244. Scott, Austin
  245. Scott, David
  246. Sewell
  247. Sherman
  248. Sherrill
  249. Simpson
  250. Sires
  251. Slotkin
  252. Smith (NJ)
  253. Smith (WA)
  254. Smucker
  255. Soto
  256. Spanberger
  257. Spartz
  258. Speier
  259. Stanton
  260. Stauber
  261. Stefanik
  262. Steil
  263. Stevens
  264. Stewart
  265. Stivers
  266. Strickland
  267. Suozzi
  268. Swalwell
  269. Takano
  270. Taylor
  271. Thompson (CA)
  272. Thompson (MS)
  273. Thompson (PA)
  274. Titus
  275. Tonko
  276. Torres (CA)
  277. Torres (NY)
  278. Trahan
  279. Trone
  280. Turner
  281. Underwood
  282. Upton
  283. Van Duyne
  284. Vargas
  285. Veasey
  286. Vela
  287. Velázquez
  288. Wagner
  289. Waltz
  290. Wasserman Schultz
  291. Waters
  292. Watson Coleman
  293. Welch
  294. Wenstrup
  295. Westerman
  296. Wexton
  297. Wild
  298. Williams (GA)
  299. Wilson (FL)
  300. Wittman
  301. Womack
  302. Yarmuth
  303. Young

 

Not Voting:
  1. Bilirakis
  2. Brady
  3. Granger
  4. Hastings
  5. Kim (CA)
  6. Steel
  7. Tlaib

Certification of the Presidential Election in Senate (Jan. 6, 2021)

Those supporting the objection:

  1. Cruz
  2. Hawley
  3. Hyde-Smith
  4. Kennedy
  5. Marshall
  6. Tuberville
Second Impeachment of Donald J. Trump in House (Jan. 13, 2021)

Official Source: Clerk's Office House of Representatives

All Democrats voted Yea

All Republicans voted Nay except:

  1. Cheney
  2. Gonzalez (OH)
  3. Herrera Beutler
  4. Katko
  5. Kinzinger
  6. Meijer
  7. Newhouse
  8. Rice (SC)
  9. Upton
  10. Valadao
Second Impeachment Trial of Donald J. Trump in Senate (Feb. 13, 2021)

Official source: U.S. Senate Roll Call Vote

Guilty:
  1. ALL DEMOCRATS
  2. Burr (R-NC)
  3. Cassidy (R-LA)
  4. Collins (R-ME)
  5. King (I-ME)
  6. Murkowski (R-AK)
  7. Romney (R-UT)
  8. Sanders (I-VT)
  9. Sasse (R-NE)
  10. Toomey (R-PA)
Not Guilty:

ALL OTHER REPUBLICANS

Additional Reading: Ryan Goodman and Josh Asabor, “In Their Own Words: The 43 Republicans’ Explanations of Their Votes Not to Convict Trump in Impeachment Trial,” Just Security, Feb. 15, 2021

Legislation To Award Three Congressional Gold Medals to U.S. Capitol Police (House vote on March 17, 2021)

Official Source: Congress.gov (H.R. 1085)

12 Republicans who voted Nay:

  1. Biggs
  2. Cloud
  3. Clyde
  4. Gaetz
  5. Gohmert
  6. Good (VA)
  7. Gooden (TX)
  8. Greene (GA)
  9. Harris
  10. Massie
  11. Rose
  12. Steube
January 6 Commission Thompson-Katko Bill - House (May 19, 2021)

Official Source: Clerk's Office House of Representatives

Yea:

ALL DEMOCRATS EXCEPT GOLDEN AND KELLY (IL) (NOT VOTING)

  1. Bacon
  2. Bentz
  3. Bice (OK)
  4. Cheney
  5. Curtis
  6. Davis, Rodney
  7. Fitzpatrick
  8. Fortenberry
  9. Garbarino
  10. Gimenez
  11. Gonzales, Tony
  12. Gonzalez (OH)
  13. Guest
  14. Herrera Beutler
  15. Hill
  16. Hollingsworth
  17. Jacobs (NY)
  18. Johnson (SD)
  19. Joyce (OH)
  20. Katko
  21. Kinzinger
  22. McKinley
  23. Meijer
  24. Miller-Meeks
  25. Moore (UT)
  26. Newhouse
  27. Reed
  28. Rice (SC)
  29. Salazar
  30. Simpson
  31. Smith (NJ)
  32. Taylor
  33. Upton
  34. Valadao
  35. Womack
Nay:

All other Republican Members of the House (except Webster (FL) not voting)

January 6 Commission Thompson-Katko Bill - Senate (May 28, 2021)

Official Source: U.S. Senate Roll Call Vote

Yea:

ALL DEMOCRATS EXCEPT MURRAY & SINEMA (NOT VOTING)

  1. Cassidy (R-LA)
  2. Collins (R-ME)
  3. King (I-ME)
  4. Murkowski (R-AK)
  5. Portman (R-OH)
  6. Romney (R-UT)
  7. Sanders (I-VT)
  8. Sasse (R-NE)

*Note: Senator Toomey said he would have voted in favor of the legislation if he were present.

Nay:
  1. Barrasso (R-WY)
  2. Boozman (R-AR)
  3. Capito (R-WV)
  4. Cornyn (R-TX)
  5. Cotton (R-AR)
  6. Cramer (R-ND)
  7. Crapo (R-ID)
  8. Cruz (R-TX)
  9. Daines (R-MT)
  10. Ernst (R-IA)
  11. Fischer (R-NE)
  12. Graham (R-SC)
  13. Grassley (R-IA)
  14. Hagerty (R-TN)
  15. Hawley (R-MO)
  16. Hoeven (R-ND)
  17. Hyde-Smith (R-MS)
  18. Johnson (R-WI)
  19. Kennedy (R-LA)
  20. Lankford (R-OK)
  21. Lee (R-UT)
  22. Lummis (R-WY)
  23. Marshall (R-KS)
  24. McConnell (R-KY)
  25. Moran (R-KS)
  26. Paul (R-KY)
  27. Rubio (R-FL)
  28. Scott (R-FL)
  29. Scott (R-SC)
  30. Sullivan (R-AK)
  31. Thune (R-SD)
  32. Tillis (R-NC)
  33. Tuberville (R-AL)
  34. Wicker (R-MS)
  35. Young (R-IN)
Not Voting:
  1. Blackburn (R-TN)
  2. Blunt (R-MO)
  3. Braun (R-IN)
  4. Burr (R-NC)
  5. Inhofe (R-OK)
  6. Murray (D-WA)
  7. Risch (R-ID)
  8. Rounds (R-SD)
  9. Shelby (R-AL)
  10. Sinema (D-AZ)
  11. Toomey (R-PA)*

*Note: Senator Toomey said he would have voted in favor of the legislation if he were present.

Legislation To Award Congressional Gold Medals to U.S. Capitol Police (House vote on June 16, 2021)

Official Source: Clerk's Office House of Representatives (H.R. 3325)

21 Republicans who voted Nay:

  1. Rep. Thomas Massie (Ky.)
  2. Rep. Andy Biggs (Ariz.)
  3. Rep. Lauren Boebert (Colo.)
  4. Rep. Michael Cloud (Tex.)
  5. Rep. Andrew Clyde (Ga.)
  6. Rep. Warren Davidson (Ohio)
  7. Rep. Matt Gaetz (Fla.)
  8. Rep. Louie Gohmert (Tex.)
  9. Rep. Bob Good (Va.)
  10. Rep. Paul Gosar (Ariz.)
  11. Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene (Ga.)
  12. Rep. Andy Harris (Md.)
  13. Rep. Jody Hice (Ga.)
  14. Rep. Mary Miller (Ill.)
  15. Rep. Barry Moore (Ala.)
  16. Rep. Ralph Norman (S.C.)
  17. Rep. Scott Perry (Pa.)
  18. Rep. John Rose (Tenn.)
  19. Rep. Matt Rosendale (Mont.)
  20. Rep. Chip Roy (Texas)
  21. Rep. Greg Steube (Fla.)
Prior Bills Introduced to Create a Jan. 6 Independent Commission

Republicans: HR 275 (introduced January 12, 2021)

HR 275 To establish the National Commission on the Domestic Terrorist Attack Upon the United States Capitol

Cosponsors:

  1. Banks
  2. Bice (OK)
  3. Budd
  4. Cammack
  5. Comer
  6. Davis
  7. Garbarino
  8. Gimenez
  9. Guest
  10. Harshbarger
  11. Herrera Beutler
  12. Higgins
  13. Hill (AR)
  14. Hinson
  15. Jacobs (NY)
  16. Joyce (OH)
  17. Katko
  18. Kinzinger
  19. LaMalfa
  20. LaTurner
  21. McCaul
  22. Meijer
  23. Miller-Meeks
  24. Norman
  25. Pfluger
  26. Smith (NJ)
  27. Steel
  28. Stivers
  29. Van Drew
  30. Van Duyne
  31. Walorski
Democrats: HR 410 (introduced January 21, 2021)

H.R.410 - To establish the National Commission on the Insurrectionist Attack Upon the United States Capitol

Cosponsors:

  1. Bustos
  2. Carson
  3. Garamendi
  4. Jackson Lee
  5. Lowenthal
  6. Lynch
  7. Maloney
  8. Norton
  9. Moulton
  10. Payne
  11. San Nicolas
  12. Thompson (CA)
  13. Tonko
  14. Watson Coleman

Additional Reading: Margaret Shields and Heather Szilagyi, “Comparison of (Similar) Republican and Democratic Draft Legislation on Jan. 6 Commission,” Just Security, Feb. 17, 2021

Bill to Establish House Select Committee

H.R. 503 Establishing the Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol.

The Resolution passed 222-190.

All Democrats voted in favor.

Two Republicans voted in favor:

Rep. Liz Cheney (R-WY)
Rep. Adam Kinzinger (R-Il)

All other Republicans voted against, except the following 19 who did not vote:

Arrington
Banks
Carter (GA)
Cloud
Fulcher
Gohmert
Good (VA)
Herrell
Higgins (LA)
Issa
Jackson
Johnson (LA)
Miller (IL)
Pfluger
Rose
Roy
Tiffany
Weber (TX)
Williams (TX)

Source: House Office of the Clerk.

Table Comparing House Republican votes

House Republicans Who Supported an Independent Commission
Italics = Member voted NOT to certify the 2020 presidential election

Cosponsored HR-275 to establish Commission Voted for 1/6 Thompson-Katko Commission
Banks, Jim (IN) Bacon, Don (NE)
Bice, Stephanie (OK) Bentz, Cliff (OR)
Budd, Ted (NC) Bice, Stephanie (OK)
Cammack, Kat (FL) Cheney, Liz (WY)
Comer, James (KY) Curtis, John (UT)
Garbarino, Andrew (NY) Davis, Rodney (IL)
Giménez, Carlos (FL) Fitzpatrick, Brian (PA)
Guest, Michael (MS) Fortenberry, Jeff (NE)
Harshbarger, Diana (TN) Garbarino, Andwer (NY)
Herrera Buetler, Jaime (WA) Giménez, Carlos (FL)
Higgins, Clay (LA) Gonzales, Tony (TX)
Hill, French (AR) Gonzalez, Anthony (OH)
Hinson, Ashley (IA) Guest, Michael (MS)
Jacobs, Chris (NY) Herrera Buetler, Jaime (WA)
Joyce, David (OH) Hill, French (AR)
Katko, John (NY) Hollingsworth, Trey (IN)
Kinzinger, Adam (IL) Jacobs, Chris (NY)
LaMalfa, Doug (CA) Johnson, Dusty (SD)
LaTurner, Jake (KS) Joyce, David (OH)
McCaul, Michael (TX) Katko, John (NY)
Meijer, Peter (MI) Kinzinger, Adam (IL)
Miller-Meeks, Mariannette (IA) McKinley, David (WV)
Norman, Ralph (SC) Meijer, Peter (MI)
Pfluger, August (TX) Miller-Meeks, Mariannette (IA)
Smith, Christopher (NJ) Moore, Blake (UT)
Steel, Michelle (CA) Newhouse, Dan (WA)
Stivers, Steve (OH) Reed, Tom (NY)
Van Drew, Jeff (NJ) Rice, Tom (SC)
Van Duyne, Beth (TX) Salazar, Maria Elvira (FL)
Walorski, Jackie (IN) Simpson, Mike (ID)
Smith, Chris (NJ)
Taylor, Van (TX)
Upton, Fred (MI)
Valadao, David (CA)
Womack, Steve (AR)

Criminal Cases

Three photos of known white supremacist leaders at the January 6 Attack on the Capitol. Their mug shots are overlaid the three photos next each person.

1. Department of Justice, Capitol Breach Cases (and six-month summary of June 6, 2021)

2. George Washington University, Program on Extremism

3. The Prosecution Project’s Spreadsheet of  federal and non-federal Capitol prosecutions

4. Marcy Wheeler’s analysis of conspiracy cases (Mar. 19, 2021, June 11, 2021, and Jun. 14, 2021)

5. Dinah Pulver, Rachel Axon, Josh Salman, Katie Wedell and Erin Mansfield, Capitol Riot Arrests: See Who's Been Charged Across the U.S., USA Today (Jun. 22, 2021)

6. NPR's Searchable Database: "The Capitol Siege: The Arrested And Their Stories."

Image of NPR's search interface:

Civil Cases

Rep. Jason Crow (D-CO) and Rep. Susan Wild (D-PA) take cover as insurrectionists attack the U.S. on January 6, 2021 during the joint session of Congress to certify the Electoral College vote.

1. Bennie Thompson Incitement Suit for Jan. 6 Capitol Attack

Thompson v. Trump, No. 21-cv-00400 (D.D.C. filed Feb. 16, 2021)

Plaintiff: Representative Bennie Thompson (D-MS), represented by the NAACP

Case Summary: On Feb. 16, 2021, Mississippi Congressman Bennie Thompson sued former President Trump and Rudy Giuliani along with two right-wing militia groups known as the Proud Boys and the Oath Keepers, for violating the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871, 42 U.S.C. § 1985(1). In the complaint, Thompson alleges that Trump violated the Ku Klux Klan Act by inciting the rioters with the intent to prevent Members of Congress from discharging their official duties of the timely approval of the Electoral College vote. He argues that after Trump’s loss in the Nov. 2020 election, the then-President set out on a campaign to mobilize his supporters, culminating in the Jan. 6, 2021 attack on the Capitol. It portrays Trump’s rhetoric on the morning of Jan. 6 as a call to arms and as intended to prevent the certification of the election.

The Act was passed in 1871 in response to violence and intimidation by the KKK intended to stop Black people from voting. The legislation allows Members of Congress to sue individuals who conspire to violently “molest, interrupt, hinder, or impede” the discharge of a public official’s duties.

Thompson seeks compensatory damages for his emotional distress suffered during the attack in addition to punitive damages.

Case Status: The complaint was filed on Feb. 16, 2021 with defendants’ summonses attached. According to the summonses, defendants’ answers are due in late April. On Apr. 7, 2021, ten additional members of Congress moved to join the lawsuit as plaintiffs.


2. Eric Swalwell Incitement Suit for Jan. 6 Riots

Swalwell v. Trump, No 21-cv-00586 (D.D.C. filed Mar. 5, 2021)

Plaintiff: Representative Eric Swalwell (D-CA)

Case Summary: On Mar. 5, 2021, Representative Eric Swalwell sued Donald Trump and several associates in DC federal court over the Jan. 6 riots. Much like Representative Bennie Thompson’s related suit, Swalwell alleges that Trump and his co-defendants–Donald Trump Jr., Representative Mo Brooks (R-AL), and Rudy Giuliani–violated the Ku Klux Klan Act by conspiring to interfere with the Electoral College count on Jan. 6.

Swalwell’s suit also goes one step further: it claims that the defendants should be held civilly liable for negligence because they committed criminal incitement under DC’s local code, which establishes the standard of care. Notably, Swalwell says that Trump violated the same DC code–§22-1321(a)(2)–that DC AG Karl Racine is apparently focusing on in his own criminal investigation into Trump’s conduct.

Beyond the civil rights and incitement counts, Swalwell also claims that the defendants are liable for encouraging (aiding and abetting) the rioters’ violent conduct and for intentionally inflicting emotional distress on members of Congress in connection with the attack on the Capitol.

Case Status: Swalwell filed his complaint on Mar. 5, 2021.

Update: On May 17, 2021, Giuliani filed a motion to dismiss the claims against him. He argued that his speech did not qualify as incitement, that he never formed a conspiracy with the other defendants or the rioters, and that his speech was ultimately protected by the First Amendment.

Update: On May 24, 2021, Donald Trump and his son Donald Jr. filed their own motion to dismiss. Most notably, former President Trump argued that he had absolute immunity against Swalwell’s claims because Trump’s alleged misconduct was within the scope of his official duties as president. Both Trump and Trump Jr. also contended that their speech was protected under the First Amendment and the canonical Brandenburg test. The Trumps also advanced various other arguments ranging from standing to the political question doctrine to even a claim that Swalwell was barred from suing Trump over the same conduct for which Trump was acquitted at his impeachment trial.

Update: On July 27, 2021: The Justice Department submitted a brief stating that Brooks was not acting within the scope of his employment and thus not shielded by the Westfall Act. The House of Representatives filed a response taking a “non-participation approach” (silence) on the question whether Brooks acted within his scope of employment. The Chairwoman of the Committee on House Administration submitted a brief stating that Rep. Brooks was not acting within his scope of employment.


3. Capitol Police Suit for Jan. 6 Riots

Blassingame v. Trump, No. 21-cv-00858 (D.D.C. filed Mar 30, 2021)

Plaintiff: James Blassingame and Sidney Hemby, two Capitol police officers

Case Summary: On Mar. 30, 2021, two Capitol Police Officers sued Donald Trump for injuries they sustained during the Jan. 6 riots in DC. The officers–James Blassingame and Sidney Hemby–say they were maced with bear spray, attacked with fists and flagpoles, and even crushed against a door as they tried to protect the Capitol from pro-Trump intruders.

Much like the other Jan. 6 suits against Trump, the officers pin their injuries on Trump’s incendiary rhetoric before and during violence. Both allege that Trump directed the rioters to assault them, aided the rioters in committing those assaults, and negligently incited the riot in violation of DC’s public safety codes. Blassingame also accuses Trump of directing intentional infliction of emotional distress, pointing to the racial slurs and taunts that the intruders allegedly hurled at him during the violence.

Case Status: The officers filed their suit in DC federal court on Mar. 30, 2021.

Update: On Apr. 28, 2021, the plaintiffs added two new conspiracy claims against Trump, one based on the KKK Act and the other on common law conspiracy. They allege that Trump illegally conspired with the Proud Boys and the Oath Keepers to storm the Capitol, which in turn caused the plaintiffs’ injuries.

4. Donald Trump Complaint against House Select Committee and National Archives to prevent release of information to committee Oct. 18, 2021)

Government Documents

File folders in a filing cabinet

White House and National Archives
Department of Homeland Security

1. Background: DHS Whistleblower Brian Murphy Complaint (Sept. 8, 2020) (alleging suppression of intelligence threat assessments of white supremacist violence)  

2. Department of Homeland Security, Federal Protective Service, Information Bulletin: First Amendment Protected Activities Within the National Capital Region (Jan. 5, 2021)

3. Department of Homeland Security, Federal Protective Service, Investigations Branch, Demonstration Report (Jan. 6 2021)

4. Department of Homeland Security, Federal Protective Service, Emails between Regional Director and Physical Security Officer, “Re: Question” (on crowd size) (Jan. 6, 2021)

5. Department of Homeland Security, Federal Protective Service, Full FOIA Release of Emails, Photographs, and Intelligence Bulletins

 Related news reports: Washington Post, Buzzfeed, and CREW

6. Department of Homeland Security, National Terrorism Advisory System Bulletin: NTAS Bulletin due to a heightened threat environment across the United States (Jan. 27, 2021)

7. DHS, Office of Intelligence and Analysis, Tactics and Coordination Observed During Civil Unrest on 6 Jan 2021 (April 8, 2021)

Associated reading: Kelly Weill, DHS Memo: Capitol Attackers Plotted in Advance, Daily Beast (Aug. 20, 2021)

8. Department of Homeland Security, National Terrorism Advisory System Bulletin: NTAS Bulletin regarding the current heightened threat environment across the United States (May 14, 2021)

9. Relevant document: GAO, Capitol Attack: Special Event Designations Could Have Been Requested for January 6, 2021, But Not All DHS Guidance Is Clear (Aug. 9, 2021)

10. DHS, Office of Intelligence & Analysis - intelligence reports distribution (FOIA release on Aug. 31, 2021)

11. DHS, Office of Intelligence and Analysis, Some Domestic Violent Extremists and Foreign Terrorist Organizations Exploiting TikTok (Apr. 19, 2021)

Related news report: Betsy Woodruff Swan and Mark Scott, DHS: Extremists Used TikTok to Promote Jan. 6 Violence, Politico (Sept. 16, 2021)

12. DHS National Operations Center to Department of Defense on Jan. 6 (FOIA release on Sept. 20, 2021)

Related news report: Betsy Woodruff Swan and Lara Seligman, “No major incidents of illegal activity”: DHS told Pentagon as pro-Trump mob breached Capitol, Politico (Sept. 28, 2021)

U.S. Secret Service
Department of Justice/FBI

Editors’ note from Goodman and Hendrix:

“Neither the FBI nor DHS issued a threat assessment or intelligence bulletin warning law enforcement entities in the National Capital Region of the potential for violence,” the bipartisan Senate Report of June 2021 explained.

Members of Congress asked FBI Director Christopher Wray about the absence of an Intelligence Bulletin warning of threats to the Capitol. In response, he pointed to other intelligence reports the department issued before Jan. 6, 2021. In his prepared remarks, Wray referred to “approximately 12 intelligence products” throughout 2020, including two joint intelligence bulletins with DHS in June 2020, an analytical report in late August 2020, and a DHS Intelligence In-Depth product that the FBI contributed to in December 2020.

NBC News, however, subsequently reported:

“The FBI reports Wray mentioned were sent to state and local law enforcement agencies but have not been made public, and the FBI declined an NBC News request for them. But officials who have seen them say they were broad and generic and did not lead anyone to believe the Capitol could be a target Jan. 6.”

1. Background: The Attorney General's Guidelines for Domestic FBI Operations

2. Background: FBI Domestic Investigations and Operations Guide (DIOG)

3. Background: FBI Intelligence Assessment, White Supremacist Infiltration of Law Enforcement (Oct. 17 2006) (UNREDACTED version) (FBI REDACTED version)

4. Background: FBI Intelligence Bulletin, Conspiracy Theories and Domestic Violent Extremism (May 30, 2019) (background reading – here and here)

5. NYPD Weekly Terrorism Brief (Nov. 6, 2020)

6. Attorney General William Barr, Memorandum: Post-Voting Election Irregularity Inquiries (Nov. 9, 2020)

7. FBI Email Warning of Far-Right Chatter re Election Results (Nov. 9, 2020)

8. Letter from DEO Election Prosecutors to Attorney General Barr (Nov. 13, 2020) (objecting and requesting rescission of Nov. 9 Memorandum)

9. DOJ-FBI Email Correspondence on opening election fraud investigations (Dec. 7, 2020)

Associated reading: Emails: Senior DOJ officials wrangled over baseless Trump voter fraud allegations, Politico

10. Press Conference: Acting USA Sherwin and FBI Assistant Director in Charge of Washington Field Office Steven D’Antuono, Update on Criminal Charges on Events at Capitol (Jan. 12, 2021)
Transcript CSPAN YouTube

11. Press Call:Acting USA Sherwin, FBI Assistant Director in Charge of Washington Field Office Steven D’Antuono and Special Agent in Charge of ATF Office in Washington Ashan Benedict (Jan. 15, 2021)
Transcript-DOJ Transcript-REV 

12. Department of Justice, Capitol Breach Criminal Cases (and six-month summary of June 6, 2021)

13. White House/DOJ Emails involving Trump-Meadows' communications with Department of Justice on election fraud claims (House Committee on Oversight and Reform Press Release on Jun. 15, 2021) (see also Committee’s initial letter of request to DOJ on May 21, 2021)

14. Department of Justice, Letters to former U.S. officials authorizing testimony to Congress without executive privilege (July 26, 2021)

Letter from Donald Trump's attorney Doug Collins to Jeffrey Rosen on testifying without executive privilege (Aug. 2, 2021)

15. Acting Deputy Attorney General Richard P. Donoghue, Handwritten notes of phone call with President Trump on Dec. 27, 2020 and phone call with White House on Dec. 29, 2020 (transcription of positions of handwritten notes, by House Committee on Oversight and Reform)

16. Jeffrey Clark, Rejected draft letter to stop Georgia certification and Rosen-Donoghue emails (Dec. 28, 2020) (associated ABC News report)

17. Patrick Hovakimian, Associate Deputy Attorney General, Draft Resignation Email (Jan. 3, 2021) (associated Politico report)

FBI Seattle Internal Email re Jan. 6 (Jan. 5, 2021)

18. FBI Awareness Bulletin re Weapons Stockpile at Capitol Breach Subject's Residence (Jan. 10, 2021)

Intelligence Community/Joint Agencies
Department of Defense

1. Acting Secretary of Defense Christopher Miller, Memorandum for the Secretary of the Army: Employment Guidance for the DC National Guard (Jan. 4, 2021)

See also Snopes Fact Check

2. Secretary of the Army Ryan D. McCarthy to Commander of the DC National Guard, Major General William Walker, Letter (Jan. 5, 2021)

3. D.C. Mayor Muriel Bowser, Letter to Department of Justice and Department of Defense Heads (Jan. 5, 2021)

4. Acting Secretary Miller, Statement on Full Activation of D.C. National Guard (Jan. 6, 2021)

5. Defense Officials Detail National Guard Response to Capitol Attack, DOD News (Jan. 7, 2021)

6. Department of Defense, Planning and Execution Timeline (released on Jan. 8, 2021)

7. Lt. Gen. Walter E. Piatt, Director of the Army Staff, Statement About Deployment of DC National Guard (here and here) (Jan. 11, 2021)

8. Joint Chiefs of Staff, Message to U.S. Troops (Jan. 12, 2021)

9. General Robert Adams, Commander, US Forces Korea, Statement on “Insurrection” (Jan. 12, 2021)

Department of Interior - U.S. Park Police

United States Park Police FOIA Documents Release

Related Reading:

Department of State

Dissent Channel Memorandum I (reportedly signed by over 70 State Department officials) (on or around Jan. 7-8, 2021)

Dissent Channel Memorandum II (reportedly signed by around 175 State Department officials, primarily lawyers) (on or around Jan. 8, 2021)

United States Capitol Police

1. United States Capitol Police Labor Committee, Press Release, Leadership Failed Us (Jan. 7, 2021)

2. Steven A. Sund, former Chief of Police United States Capitol Police, Letter to Speaker Pelosi (Feb. 1, 2021)

3. USCP Inspector General, Flash Report: Operational Planning and Intelligence (Summary and Recommendations) (Feb. 2021)

4. USCP  Inspector General, Flash Report: Civil Disturbance Unit and Intelligence (Mar. 2021)

5. Task Force 1-6 Capitol Security Review (Lt. Gen. (ret.) Russel Honoré report) (Mar. 5, 2021)

6. USCP  Inspector General, Flash Series Report: AOC Emergency Preparedness (Report 2) (April 27, 2021)

7. USCP  Inspector General, Flash Report – Independent Assessment of the AOC’s Role in Securing the Capitol Campus for Large Public Gatherings (Report 3) (May 5, 2021)

8. USCP  Inspector General, Summary and Recommendations (Report 4) (release)

9. USCP Response to Office of Inspectors General Report (April 14, 2021)

10. USCP Response to OIG Report #3 (May 7, 2021)

11. USCP Response to the U.S. Senate Report on Capitol Attack (Jun. 8, 2021)

12. USCP Response to OIG Report #4 (Jun. 15, 2021)

13. United States Capitol Police Labor Committee, Capitol Police Officers’ Response to IG Bolton's Report (April 15, 2021)

14. USCP, Permits and assessments for demonstrations on Capitol grounds for Jan. 6 (common law release)

Related reporting: Jason Leopold, “The Capitol Police Granted Permits For Jan. 6 Protests Despite Signs That Organizers Weren’t Who They Said They Were,” BuzzFeed News (Sept. 9, 2021)

District of Columbia
Fusion Centers

Mike Sena, President of National Association of Fusion Centers, Threat Coordination Call Notes (Jan. 4, 2021) (released via open records request of Property of the People)

Related news report:  Betsy Woodruff Swan, Hundreds of Law Enforcement Officials Were Prepped Early for Potential Jan. 6 Violence, Politico (Sept. 10, 2021)

Digital Forensics and Social Media Analysis

An aerial image of the Capitol Building with check-in markers laid over it.

Databases (video, photos, Parler texts, facial recognition, more)

1. Jacobs Technion-Cornell Institute, Dataset of voter fraud claims through December 2020

2. Lena V. Groeger, et al., Database of Parler videos, ProPublica (Jan. 17, 2021)

Related readings: 

Alec MacGillis, Inside the Capitol Riot: What the Parler Videos Reveal, ProPublica (Jan. 17, 2021)
M
ax Aliapoulios, et al., An Early Look at the Parler Online Social Network (Jan. 15, 2021)

3. Database of 183 million Parler posts, Tech Policy Press (Jan. 30, 2021)

4. Facial Recognition: Faces of the Riot

5. “John M,” Kaggle collection of Parler videos

6. Anonymous, Capitol Terrorist Attack Database

7. Patr10tic, US Capitol Attack Facial Recognition and US Capitol Attack Video Map

8. Veronika Solopova, Tatjana Scheffler, Mihaela Popa-Wyatt, A Telegram Corpus for Hate Speech, Offensive Language, and Online Harm, Journal of Open Humanities Data (Jul. 5, 2021) (including manual annotations of harmful language for a portion of the posts leading up to the Jan. 6 and its aftermath)

Pre-January 6: Social Media Information Environment

Editors’ note: See also following section, Warning Signs on Social Media

1. Marc-André Argentino, QAnon and the storm of the U.S. Capitol: The offline effect of online conspiracy theories, The Conversation (Jan. 7, 2021)

2. Amanda Seitz, Mob at U.S. Capitol Encouraged by Online Conspiracy Theories, Associated Press (Jan. 7, 2021)

3. Audio: Joan Donovan Interview, On How Platforms Enabled the Capitol Hill Riot, Big Tech podcast (Jan. 21, 2021)

4. Joan Donovan, How Social Media’s Obsession with Scale Supercharged Disinformation, Harvard Business Review (Jan. 13, 2021)

5. Zach Stanton, The Internet is a Crime Scene, Politico (Jan. 14, 2021)

6. Spencer Silva, Facebook enabled The Epoch Times to push the Big Lie on its platform ahead of the Capitol insurrection, Media Matters (Mar. 1, 2021)

7. Ari Chasnoff, Election Integrity Partnership Releases Final Report on Mis- and Disinformation in 2020 U.S. Election, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Stanford University (Mar. 2, 2021)

Related content: Webinar

8. Avaaz. Facebook: From Election to Insurrection How Facebook Failed Voters and Nearly Set Democracy Aflame. (Mar. 18, 2021)

9. Ryan Mac, Craig Silverman & Jane Lytvynenko, Facebook Stopped Employees From Reading An Internal Report About Its Role In The Insurrection. You Can Read It Here, Buzzfeed News (Apr. 26, 2021)

10. Justin Hendrix Anatomy of the Big Lie: Participatory Disinformation vs. Democracy, Tech Policy Press (May 13, 2021)

11. Ryan Mac, Craig Silverman & Jane Lytvynenko, Facebook Knows It Was Used To Help Incite The Capitol Insurrection, Buzzfeed News (Apr. 22, 2021)

12. Donie O’Sullivan & Dan Merica, Frustration and bewilderment: Emails show tension between Facebook and Biden campaign, CNN (Jun. 23, 2021)

13. Tatjana Scheffler, Veronika Solopova, Mihaela Popa-Wyatt, The Telegram Chronicles of Online Harm, Journal of Open Humanities Data (Jul. 5, 2021) (analyzing the language in a Telegram channel populated by followers of former President Donald Trump before and after Jan. 6)

14. DHS, Office of Intelligence and Analysis, Some Domestic Violent Extremists and Foreign Terrorist Organizations Exploiting TikTok (Apr. 19, 2021)

Related news report:  Betsy Woodruff Swan and Mark Scott, DHS: Extremists Used TikTok to Promote Jan. 6 Violence, Politico (Sept. 16, 2021)

Pre-January 6: Warning Signs on Social Media

Editors’ note: See also previous section, Social Media Information Environment

1. Parler Letter to Chair and Ranking Member of House Committee on Oversight and Reform (including screenshots of warnings sent to FBI) (Mar. 25, 2021)

2. Brandy Zadrozny & Ben Collins, Violent Threats Ripple Through Far-Right Internet Forums Ahead of Protest, NBC News (Jan. 5, 2021)

3. Kristen Doerer, ​Capitol Breach Preceded by Widespread Calls for Violence on Pro-Trump Social Media, Rightwing Watch (discussing research by Advance Democracy Inc.) (Jan. 6, 2021)

4. Daniel Zuidijk & Kartikay Mehrotra, Trump Supporter Rage Simmered on Social Media Before D.C. Violence, Bloomberg (Jan. 6, 2021)

5. Jane Lytvynenko & Molly Hensley-Clancy, The Rioters Who Took Over The Capitol Have Been Planning Online In The Open For Weeks, Buzzfeed News (Jan. 6, 2021)

6. Alex Newhouse, US Capitol attack: Far-right activists on social media telegraphed violence weeks before, News24 (Jan. 11, 2021)

7. Devlin Barrett & Matt Zapotosky, FBI report warned of ‘war’ at Capitol, contradicting claims there was no indication of looming violence, Washington Post (Jan. 12, 2021)

8. Dina Temple-Raston, Why Didn't The FBI And DHS Produce A Threat Report Ahead of The Capitol Insurrection?, NPR (Jan. 13, 2021) Editors’ Pick

Excerpt: “In late December, the New York Police Department sent a packet of material to the U.S. Capitol Police and the FBI. It was full of what's known as raw intelligence — bits and pieces of information that turned up by scraping various social media sites. It all indicated that there would likely be violence when lawmakers certified the presidential election on Jan. 6.”

9. Ken Dilanian, FBI agent acknowledges in court filing that Trump backers discussed 'revolution' before Jan. 6, NBC News (Jun. 21, 2021)

Day of January 6: Audio, Photo, and Video - Presentations and Analyses

1. Must-See Moments from a Dark Day in America (Video), CNN

2. Watch a Timeline of the U.S. Capitol Siege that Rocked America, CNBC (Jan. 7, 2021)

3. Bob Garfield & Brooke Gladstone, The Zello Tapes: The Walkie-Talkie App Used During The Insurrection, WNYC Studios (Jan. 15, 2021)

4. Julia Jacobo, A Visual Timeline of How the Attack on Capitol Hill Unfolded, ABC News (Jan. 20, 2021)

5. Video Investigation: Proud Boys Were Key Instigators in Capitol Riot, Wall Street Journal (Jan. 26, 2021) Editors’ Pick

6. Aleszu Bajak, Jessica Guynn and Mitchell Thorson, When Trump started his speech before the Capitol riot, talk on Parler turned to civil war, USA Today (Feb. 1, 2021)

7. Robin Stein, Haley Willis, Danielle Miller and Michael S. Schmidt, ‘We’ve Lost the Line!’: Radio Traffic Reveals Police Under Siege at Capitol, NY Times (Mar. 22, 2021)

8. Dmitriy Khavin, Haley Willis, Evan Hill, Natalie Reneau, Drew Jordan, Cora Engelbrecht, Christiaan Triebert, Stella Cooper, Malachy Browne and David Botti, "Day of Rage: An In-Depth Look at How a Mob Stormed the Capitol," New York Times, June 30, 2021 (40-minute video) Editors' Pick

Note: Study of social media communications in immediate aftermath of Jan. 6:

Illt Hitkul, et al., Capitol (Pat)riots: A Comparative study of Twitter and Parler (Jan. 18, 2021)

Social Media Analyses of Members of Congress

1. Patrick Van Kessel & Sono Shah, How lawmakers’ social media activity changed in the days after the U.S. Capitol riot, Pew Research Center (Jan. 15, 2021)

2. Representative Zoe Lofgren, Social Media Review (Members who were sworn-into office Jan. 2021 and voted to overturn the 2020 election)

3. Justin Hendrix, Nicholas Tonckens and Sruthi Venkatachalam, Timeline: Rep. Jim Jordan, a Systematic Disinformation Campaign, and January 6 (Aug. 23, 2021)

Congressional Activity

1. See above Section for Congressional Hearings

2. Senator Warner, then-incoming Chair of Senate Intelligence Committee, Urges Wireless Carriers and Technology Companies to Preserve Evidence Related to the Attack on the U.S. Capitol (Jan. 9. 2021)
Letters sent to AT&T, T-Mobile, Verizon, Apple, Facebook, Gab, Google, Parler, Signal, Telegram, and Twitter

3. House of Representatives, Impeachment Documents - Evidentiary Record Volume III: Tweets, Photos, Videos (excerpts) (Feb. 2, 2021)\

4. House Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol, Demands Records from Social Media Companies (a single PDF with all demand letters) (press release) (Aug. 26-27, 2021):

5. House Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol, Telecom and Social Media Companies Preservation Requests (a single PDF with all demand letters) (Aug. 30, 2021).

Post-January 6: Social Media Suspensions/De-Platforming of Donald Trump

Research on Participants: Militias, Spontaneous Actors, and Others

A militia walks in single file through the crowd during the January 6th attack. They wear helmets and combat gear.

Background: Pre-January 6 Reports
Foreground: Post-January 6 Reports

1. Teo Armus, A ‘Stop the Steal’ Organizer, Now Banned by Twitter, Said Three GOP Lawmakers Helped Plan His D.C. Rally (Jan. 13, 2021)

See also Olivia Little, “Stop The Steal" organizer bragged about a phone call with “people from the White House” weeks before the insurrection - In the same video, Ali Alexander also appeared to advocate for violence against lawmakers, Media Matters (Jan. 29, 2021)

2. FactCheck.org, Misleading DCCC Ads Link Republicans to QAnon (Feb. 8, 2021)

3. Atlantic Council’s DFRLab, #StopTheSteal: Timeline of Social Media and Extremist Activities Leading to 1/6 Insurrection, Just Security (Feb. 10, 2021)

4. Princeton University Bridging Divides Initiative, Report: Election 2020 Political Violence Data and Trends

5. Spencer S. Hsu and Devlin Barrett, U.S. investigating possible ties between Roger Stone, Alex Jones and Capitol rioters, Washington Post (Feb. 10, 2021) Editors’ Pick

6. PolitiFact, Tucker Carlson’s false claim downplaying role of white supremacists at Capitol riot (Feb. 23, 2021)

7. George Washington University Program on Extremism, “This is Our House!”A Preliminary Assessment of the Capitol Siege Participants (Mar. 2021)

8. Tess Owen, Meet GoldCorp, the Boogaloo-Linked Meme That Left Clues Behind at the US Capitol, Vice News (Mar. 24, 2021)

9. Chicago Project on Security & Threats, Understanding American Domestic Terrorism (April 6, 2021)

Related: Robert Pape, What an analysis of 377 Americans arrested or charged in the Capitol insurrection tells us, Washington Post Opinion (April 6, 2021)

10. ACLED, Actor Profile: Proud Boys (April 22, 2021)

11. George Washington University Program on Extremism, “This is War” Examining Military Experience Among the Capitol Hill Siege Participants (April 2021)

12. Brain Hughes and Cynthia Miller-Idriss, Uniting for Total Collapse: The January 6 Boost to Accelerationism, West Point’s Counterterrorism Center’s Sentinel (April/May 2021)

13. Chicago Project on Security & Threats, The Face of American Insurrection: Right-Wing Organizations Evolving into a Violent Mass Movement (May 14, 2021)

14. Tess Owen, Proud Boys Chats Reveal How They Coordinated During the Capitol Riot, Vice News (May 14, 2021)

15. PolitiFact, Clip of Capitol police speaking with rioters doesn’t prove mob was given OK to enter building (May 18, 2021)

See also: FactCheck.org, Video Doesn’t Prove Capitol Police Allowed Jan. 6 Protesters to Enter Capitol (May 21, 2021)

16. FactCheck.Org, Capitol Protesters Were Armed With Variety of Weapons, (updated on May 24, 2021)

See also: PolitFact, Yes, Jan. 6 Capitol assault was an “armed insurrection” (Feb. 15, 2021)

17. FactCheck.Org, Bogus Antifa Claims Follow Capitol Riot (updated on May 24, 2021)

See also: PolitiFact (Jan. 8. 2021); PolitFact (Feb. 12, 2021)

18.

7. DHS, Office of Intelligence and Analysis, Tactics and Coordination Observed During Civil Unrest on 6 Jan 2021 (April 8, 2021)

Associated reading: Kelly Weill, DHS Memo: Capitol Attackers Plotted in Advance, Daily Beast (Aug. 20, 2021)

19. ACLED, Actor Profile: Oath Keepers (Jun. 23, 2021)

20. Princeton University Bridging Divides Initiative, Issue Brief: Unaffiliated Armed and Unidentified Communal Militia, January 2020 - June 2021 (Jun. 2021)

21. Joshua Kaplan and Joaquin Sapien, New Details Suggest Senior Trump Aides Knew Jan. 6 Rally Could Get Chaotic, ProPublica (Jun. 25, 2021) Editor's Pick

22. Eric Kleefeld, Six months after January 6, right-wing media have waged a full-scale campaign to cover up the events, Media Matters (Jul. 7, 2021)

The Big Lie: Organizations, Broadcast and Cable Media

US President Donald Trump greets talk show host Sean Hannity at a Make America Great Again rally in Cape Girardeau, Missouri on November 5, 2018. (Jim Watson/AFP via Getty Images)

1. Background: Yochai Benkler, Rob Faris and Hal Robert, Network Propaganda: Manipulation, Disinformation, and Radicalization in American Politics (Oxford University Press 2018)

Related reading: Blame Fox, not Facebook, for fake news - Interview with Yochai Benkler, Washington Post - Monkey Cage (Nov. 6, 2018)

2. Bruce Etling, Hal Roberts, Justin Clark, Rob Faris, Jonas Kaiser, Carolyn Schmitt, Yochai Benkler, Casey Tilton, Mail-In Voter Fraud: Anatomy of a Disinformation Campaign, Working Paper (Oct. 1, 2020)

3. Kevin Drum, Facebook Fuels Toxic Content, But Fox News Is Still the Superspreader, Mother Jones, (Nov. 21, 2020)

4. Brian Stelter, Hoax: Donald Trump, Fox News, and the Dangerous Distortion of Truth (Simon & Schuster: 2021)

5. Supreme Court of New York, Appellate Division, First Department, In the Matter of Rudolph W. Giuliani (Jun. 24, 2021) (suspension of law licence for participating in disinformation efforts leading up to Capitol attack)

6.  U.S. District Court Eastern District of Michigan – Imposing sanctions and referring for disbarment Sidney Powell, Lin Wood, et al. (Aug. 25, 2021)

7. Smartmatic Litigation

8. Dominion Voting Systems Litigation

9. Retractions and Apologies

10. Reps. Anna Eshoo (D-CA) and Jerry McNerney (D-CA), Letters to Heads of AT&T, Verizon, Roku, Amazon, Apple, Comcast, Charter Communications, Dish Network, Cox Communications, Altice USA, Alphabet, Hulu (re Fox News, Newsmax and OANN) (Feb. 22, 2021)

11. Eric Hananoki, Several GOP organizations posted a flyer on Facebook calling for “Operation Occupy the Capitol” with the hashtag “1776Rebel,” Media Matters (Jan. 13, 2021)

12. Lis Power, In 2 weeks after it called the election, Fox News cast doubt on the results nearly 800 times-Fox News built the lie that fueled Trump’s insurrectionist mob, Media Matters (Jan. 14, 2021)

13. James Murdoch blasts US media for unleashing ‘insidious forces,’ Financial Times (Jan. 15, 2021)

14. Erik Wemple, Never Forget Fox News’s Promotion Of The ‘Big Lie,’ Washington Post Opinion (Jan. 19, 2021)

15. Justin Baragona, How Fox News Primetime Jacked Up Trump’s ‘Big Lie,’ Daily Beast (Feb. 7, 2021)

16. Justin Hendrix, Anatomy of the Big Lie: Participatory Disinformation vs. Democracy, Tech Policy Press (May 13, 2021)

17. Rosalind S. Helderman , Emma Brown, Tom Hamburger and Josh Dawsey, Inside The ‘Shadow Reality World’ Promoting The Lie That The Presidential Election Was Stolen, Washington Post (Jun. 24, 2021)

18. Justin Hendrix, Nicholas Tonckens and Sruthi Venkatachalam, Timeline: Rep. Jim Jordan, a Systematic Disinformation Campaign, and January 6 (Aug. 23, 2021)

Additional Research Papers and Investigative Reports

1. Mitchell D. Silber, Domestic violent extremism and the intelligence challenge, Atlantic Council Report (May 18, 2021)

2. Ari Chasnoff, Election Integrity Partnership Releases Final Report on Mis- and Disinformation in 2020 U.S. Election, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Stanford University (Mar. 2, 2021)

Related content: Webinar

Opinion Polls and Surveys

Two graphs sharing the title, ‘Ipsos Poll: The Big Lie; Majority of Republicans believe Donald Trump is the actual President right now’ The first graph reads, ‘Who do you think the True President is right now:’ Percent of people that responded, ‘Joe Biden:’ 75% All Americans; 97% Democrats; 78% Independents; 47% Republicans. Percent of people that responded, ‘Donald Trump:’ 25% All Americans; 3% Democrats; 22% Independents; 53% Republicans. The second chart reads, ‘What comes close to your view of the 2020 election, it was…’ Percents of those that responded it was ‘Legitimate and Accurate:’ 55% All Americans; 86% Democrats; 53% Independents; 25% Republicans. The percents of those who responded ‘The result of illegal voting or election rigging:’ 25% of All Americans, 5% of Democrats; 16% of Independents; 56% of Republicans.

1. YouGov, Same-Day Reactions to Events at Capitol Riot (Jan. 6, 2021)

2. Quinnipiac (Jan. 11, 2021)

3. Quinnipiac (Jan. 18, 2021)

4. Pew Research Center, Views on the rioting at the U.S. Capitol and Voters’ reflections on the 2020 election (Jan. 15, 2021)

5. Covid States Project, Public attitudes toward the storming of the Capitol building (Feb. 15, 2021)

6. Monmouth University (Mar. 17, 2021)

7. Pew Research Center, Public Views Prosecution of Capitol Rioters (Mar. 18, 2021)

8. Economist/YouGov(Question 33) (Apr. 17-20, 2021) 

9. UMass Amherst (Apr. 21-23, 2021) 

10. CBS News Poll (Questions 4-9) (May 12-14, 2021) 

11. Ipsos/Reuters, The Big Lie (May 21, 2021)

12. Economist/YouGov (Questions 44-50) (May 22-25, 2021)

13. Yahoo!News/YouGov (Questions 34-43) (May 24-26, 2021) 

14. Quinnipiac (Question 43) (May 27, 2021)

15. PRRI, Understanding QAnon’s Connection to American Politics, Religion, and Media Consumption (May 27, 2021)

16. Economist/YouGov (Question 29-35) (May 29-Jun. 1, 2021) 

17. Global Strategy Group, Navigator (Questions 92-94) (May 20-25, 2021)

18. Lee Drutman, Theft Perception: Examining the Views of Americans Who Believe the 2020 Election was Stolen, Democracy Fund (Jun. 2021) (note: several of the surveys reported in this piece are months older)

 

The authors are grateful for the assistance of Joshua Asabor, Matthew Bailey, Sarah Butterfield, Brianne Cuffe, and Nicholas Tonckens in the creation of the Clearinghouse.