Sarah is a Senior Analyst in the U.S. Program at International Crisis Group. Previously, Sarah served for more than four years as Associate General Counsel at the Department of Defense’s (DoD) Office of General Counsel (OGC), International Affairs, where she advised on domestic and international legal issues related to U.S. national security and the activities of the U.S. armed forces. Sarah was the lead OGC attorney for the planning and conduct of DoD activities on the continent of Africa and was counsel to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for African Affairs. Sarah was also the lead OGC attorney for DoD humanitarian assistance, foreign disaster relief, the Leahy law, stabilisation, peacekeeping, and Women, Peace and Security issues. From 2020 to 2021, Sarah taught international law as an adjunct professor for the Georgetown University Law Center. From 2015 to 2017, Sarah served as Counselor to the Secretary of Homeland Security. Sarah has also worked for the International Committee of the Red Cross, the White House Office of Legislative Affairs, Human Rights First and the American Civil Liberties Union.