Alex Pascal is a Non-resident Scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Pascal previously served for five years on the National Security Council (NSC) staff at the White House in various roles, including managing the U.S. government’s day-to-day national security policymaking system as Senior Director of the NSC Executive Secretariat and advising on U.S. strategy for the Asia-Pacific, the Middle East, countering ISIL and multilateral peace operations, as Director for Strategic Planning. As Senior Policy Advisor to the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations from 2011-14, he advised on U.S. foreign policy, international security and multilateral diplomacy. Pascal has worked at the State and Defense Departments on Middle East policy and at NGOs in the Middle East and Africa.