Dr. Frances Z. Brown (@FrancesZBrown) is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and the co-director of Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program. She previously worked at the White House, USAID, and in non-governmental and research organizations. In her last role before leaving government, Brown served as director for democracy and fragile states on the White House National Security Council (NSC) staff, where she helped manage policy processes on democracy support, key political transitions, and post-conflict stabilization efforts, and convened a fragile states interagency committee. Prior to the NSC, Brown served at the U.S. Agency for International Development’s Office of Transition Initiatives, managing stabilization and political transition programs in Afghanistan, the Middle East, and Africa.